The ancients were a well-traveled people. They built ships for travel and trade and connected vast parts of the world together. They worshipped gods that were connected to the ocean, placed them on their coins and anything else that they found particularly fascinating was placed on their coins. Just as modern-man fishes, enjoys going to the beach, looking at dolphins and traveling by sea, we are a just continuing a long tradition that stretch the millennia. So here is a list of topics to explore. Enjoy!
Visit Original Article Here: Ancient Greek Roman Coins Dealing with the SEA Gods Animals & Ships An interesting blog post pertaining to collecting old coins. An expert numismatist posted this to teach.
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Learn about the ancient silver, gold and bronze Roman coins connected with Brutus in this article
Marcus Junius Brutus (also known as Q. Caepio Brutus) was convinced by Decimus Brutus to join him in the assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March (March 15th, 44B.C.). All in all Julius Caesar suffered over 50 wounds before falling dead beneath the statue of Pompey the Great (ironic as that was his rival). Mark Antony was held up outside the senate house while this happened, so he could not come to his aid. After the death of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony gave a famous funeral speech in honor of Julius Caesar in which he read the deceased man's will, in which he left vast sums of money along with lands to the people of Rome. The sentiment quickly turned against the assassins, even though they were first consider heroes riding the Republic of a "tyrant" and Marcus Junius Brutus, Cassius and many others were forced to flee the city of Rome quickly. This left the city of Rome under the control of Mark Antony and Octavian, later known as Augustus, who was adopted as the son of Caesar in his will. This meant that Augustus was able to use the fame of Julius Caesar to his advantage, and stamp CAESAR on his coins, which allowed him to gain support. The forces of Mark Antony and Octavian Augustus defeated the forces of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi in ancient Macedonia, in 42 B.C.
Depicted in this article are the coins of some of the most famous assassins, one of them being Deciumus Brutus, lesser known to history, but had played an important role in convincing Marcus Junius Brutus to join his cause. Decimus Brutus received great honor serving under Caesar in his Gallic campaigns (Gaul being modern France area). He also is the one who convinced Julius Caesar not to heed the warnings of his wife, and walked him into the senate house, evading Mark Antony from joining them (who could have came to help Caesar and could have foiled the attempt). Julius Caesar was also warned by a trusted friend by the name of Lepidus the night before of the plot.
Next a coin is shown which is the famous portrait coin of Julius Caesar that was struck fore about a month which featured the portrait of Julius Caesar himself, struck February-March 44 B.C. This being a lifetime portrait issue is one of the important key coins to get in the Julius Caesar coins. His portrait was used on many coins after his death, including by Augustus and Mark Antony. This coin broke the conventions of portraying a living individual on coinage, which strong Republican sentiment was against, having taken away the power of the last king hundreds of years earlier. What is interesting to note is that Brutus winds up minting his own coin with his own portrait, which is another key coin, shown in the video, which can be taken as somewhat hypocritical.
The explanation goes on further to distinguish the coins of Marcus Junius Brutus from the time period of him being the moneyer of the mint of Rome which happened in 54 B.C. In this series, his strong republican values are demonstrated, pointing to his ancestors who were responsible for bringing Rome from the rule of kings to the Republican form of government. His later issues are ones issued by him with his traveling military mint he used his troops. These coins are also interesting, rare and desired by collectors. The most famous coin being the Ides of March denarius, which features the portrait of Brutus on the front naming him Imperator, and the reverse showing the cap of liberty with two daggers on either side, and an inscription below commemorating "IDE MAR" or the Ides of March and the assassination. This was an allusion the the "great deed" that Brutus and the assassins had done for the saving of the Republic.
However after Brutus and Cassius were defeated, Augustus wound up becoming the first Roman emperor, turning Rome from a Roman Republican form form of government to a dictatorship with the ceremonial vestiges of the Senate being present, and the true power residing in the emperor.
Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin i49085
Roman Republic Albinus Bruti f. moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.26 grams) Rome mint, 48 B.C. Reference: Postumia 14; B.M.C. 3967-71; Syd. 943a; Craw. 450/3b A . POSTVMIVS COS, bare head of the consul, Aulus Postumius Albinus right. ALBINV BRVTI F in wreath. Decimus Junius Brutus was one of the assassins of Julius Caesar in the conspiracy of 44 B.C. He was adopted by A. Postumius Albinus and joined his own name with that of his adoptive father. He should not be confused with the more famous M. Junius (or Q. Caepio) Brutus. This moneyer received many marks of praise from Julius Caesar when he served under him in Gaul. This coin features the portrait of the moneyer's adopted father.
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Portrait Ancient Silver Roman Coin Venus Rare i46313
Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Struck February-March 44 B.C. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer Reference: RSC 40; B. 48; B.M.C. 4175; Syd. 1074a; Craw. 480/14 CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, his laureate and veiled head right. P . SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter, star set on ground to right.
M. Junius Brutus Ancestors Julius Caesar Killer 54BC Silver Roman Coin i44548
Roman Republic Q. Caepio Brutus Moneyer better know as M. Junius Brutus Silver Denarius 17mm (2.33 grams) Rome mint: 54 B.C. Reference: Junia 30; B.M.C. 3864; Syd. 907; Craw. 433/2 BRVTVS behind head of L. Junius Brutus, the Ancient. AHALA behind head of Caius Servilius Ahala.
MARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin 54BC i49081
Roman Republic Q. Caepio Brutus Moneyer better known as Marcus Junius Brutus Silver Denarius 21mm (3.55 grams) Rome mint: 54 B.C. Reference: Junia 31; RRC 433/1; BMCRR Roma 3861; Sydenham 906, Catalli 2001, 618 Head of Libertas right; behind, LIBERTAS. L. Iunius Brutus walking l., between two lictors and preceded by an accensus; in exergue BRVTVS.
Marcus Junius Brutus (one of the chief assassins of Julius Caesar) Silver Denarius 17mm (3.30 grams) Struck 43-42 B.C. Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece. P. Servilius Casca Longus, moneyer. Reference: RSC 3; B. 44; B.M.C. 63; Syd. 1298; Craw. 507/2; CRI 212 CASCA behind, LONGVS before, laureate and bearded head of Neptune right; trident below. BRVTVS behind, IMP before, Victory advancing right on broken scepter, holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and broken diadem bound with fillet in both hands.
MARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin 42BC i49074
Roman Republic Marcus Junius Brutus Silver Denarius 18mm (3.16 grams) Late summer-autumn 42 B.C. Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legate. Reference: RSC 4; B. 42; B.M.C. 59; Syd. 1296; Craw. 506/2; CRI 209; Kestner 3775-6; BMCRR East 59-61; RBW 1778 Laureate head of Apollo to right; LEG upward to left, COSTA downward to right. Trophy composed of cuirass, crested helmet, oval shield with incurved sides, and two crossed spears; IMP upward to left, BRVTVS downward to right.
Brutus 42BC Coin
Marcus Junius Brutus (one of the chief assassins of Julius Caesar) Silver Denarius 19mm (3.50 grams) Spring-early summer 42 B.C. Military mint traveling with Brutus in southwestern Asia Minor. L. Sestius, proquaestor. Reference: RSC 11; B. 37; B.M.C. 41; Syd. 1290; Craw. 502/2 L. SESTI . PRO . Q, veiled and draped bsut of Liberty right. Q . CAEPIO BRVTVS PRO COS, tripod between axe and simpulum.
Marcus Junius Brutus Gold Propaganda Coin 44BC i36605
Marcus Junius Brutus, Assassin of Julius Caesar Gold Propaganda Coin with Obverse of his silver Coin from 54 B.C. with his famous ancestor L. Brutus Struck under: Dynast of Thrace: Koson Gold Stater 18mm (8.86 Grams) Struck After 44 B.C. Reference: RPC 1701; BMC Thrace pg. 208, 2; BMCRR II pg. 474, 48. Superb EF. KOΣΩΝ, Roman consul accompanied by two lictors; BR monogram to left Eagle standing left on sceptre, holding wreath.
MARK ANTONY reconciles Ahenobarbus 40BC Silver Roman Republic Coin Galley i41969
Mark Antony Silver Denarius 18mm (3.35 grams) Summer 40 B.C. Uncertain mint, possibly Corcyra Reference: RSC 10; B. 56; as B.M.C.,East,111(aureus); B.A. Seaby Ltd,1952; Craw. 521/2 ANT . IMP . III . VIR R . P . C ., his bare head right, lituus behind. CN . DOMIT . AHENOBARBVS IMP., prow, star of sixteen rays above.
AMYNTAS Galatia King Mark Antony Brutus Cassius Commander Leo Greek Coin i45946
Kingdom of Galatia Amyntas - King: 36-25 B.C. Bronze 24mm (8.89 grams) Struck circa 36-25 B.C. Reference: Sear 5694; RPC I 3505; SNG France 2377-82 Head of bearded Hercules right, club at neck; II / Є behind. Nemean Lion (the astrological zodiac sign of Leo and the constellation) standing right; B above, monogram (of AMYNTOY) in exergue. Amyntas was a secretary of Deiotaros. He was in the military service commanding an auxiliary force in the Roman army of Brutus and Cassius. Having gained the favor of Mark Antony, because he had gone over to his side before the Battle of Philippi, Antony granted him an extensive kingdom which included Galatia, Lycaonia and parts of neighboring territories. Having deserted Antony in a timely manner to Augustus, he secured the patronage of Augustus. After having perished in battle in 25 B.C., his kingdom became a Roman province.
AUGUSTUS 27BC Pergamum Pergamon Silver Ancient Roman Coin BULL HEIFER i46357
Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 20mm (3.74 grams) Pegamum mint: 27 B.C. Reference: RIC 475; RSC 28; BMCRR East 284-5 = BMCRE 662-3; BN 941-3 CAESAR, bare head right. AVGVSTVS, bull standing to right.
AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i46748
Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Bronze 20mm (3.95 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C. Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32 VIC AVG, Victory standing left. 3 legionary Standards, 'COHOR PRAEPHIL'
Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.
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Posted originally Here: BRUTUS the Infamous Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Ancient Roman Coins Collecting Guide and Collection Cool article about ancient coins. An ancient coin expert created this to educate people.
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This guide explores the various types of ancient military symbolism depicted on various coins of ancient Greece and Rome
Feel the ancient military come alive on the coins of the Greeks and the Romans explored in this video. It goes from the personification of valor as Virtus to the Roman god of war, Mars the counterpart of the Greek Ares. However fighting battles takes wisdom so coins with Greek Athena and the Roman counterpart Minerva with spear and shield is depicted.The Roman emperor would go into battle to vanquish his enemies on horseback. He did have the backing of military foot soldiers, or legions behind him carrying the legionary standards and eagles in the Roman military. One symbol the labarum actually was used in the Roman military after Constantine with the name of Jesus Christ as a monogram symbol . Constantine the Great saw this symbol in the sky before a great battle at the Milvian bridge against Maxentius, which he had painted on the shields of his army and wound up winning a great victory. The Roman military camps were depicted with the symbolism of the camp gates on their coins. These camp gates were also used as a quick way of communication on the frontiers where they would use them as fire signal beacons to muster their military forces to defend their frontiers. A coin with the Roman soldiers vanquishing their foes in battle driving spears through them as they lay prostrate on the floor, even the Roman emperor not being above such a military endeavor. Some ways to get around the battle field was to use chariots, including the four horse military chariot called the quadriga or the two horse type as the biga. There is also a rarely seen type of chariot which is the triga, a more widely used Greek type of war chariot. Elephants with their huge size, magnificence and sheer strength were the ancient equivalent of the tank in ancient times. A rare large silver Greek coin of Seleukos I Nikator of the Seleukid kingdom is show here also, with a chariot drawn by elephants. This made his military a formidable force to deal with. Then a silver coin with an elephant of Julius Caesar, the most famous ancient Roman is shown. It also brings back the story of the Romans facing elephant for the first time when Hannibal Barca, the general from Carthage who crossed the Alps with these elephants. The Romans just like many others who had to face them showed a respect for these formidable foes. Even Alexander the Great had to face elephants in his campaign that went into India. Galleys were used in ancient Greek and Roman times to get around and to move military forces along with supplies to their destinations. Several coins are shown here, one with a full sail and the other one of Mark Antony from the battle of Actium, which had a great naval battle that shaped history to what it is today. This coin of Mark Antony shows what could be described as trireme military row ships which were used in this battle. The other side had the legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards and named the legion the coin was minted for by it's number. Weapons were important for any battle. A coin of the kingdom of Bosporus is shown which shown all the important militaristic symbols such as the shield, the spear, the helmet, a sword in a scabbard and even a military axe. The weapons used in the legendary tales of Hercules were the bow and the club. On a coin of Alexander the Great he is even depicted as Hercules. Hercules used the skin of the Nemean lion as a helmet and armor which was impermeable to weapons according to legend. A shield of Macedonia is shown along with the helmet they used. An important mention of the Aegis, which is the severed head of Medusa used on shields and the breast plate of armor to scare or almost turn your enemies to stone. This was used on the armor of the ancient Greeks, such as in a depiction of Alexander the Great and even the Roman emperors including Augustus. Celebrating their victories, the Romans employed the goddess Victory whose Greek counterpart was Nike. Nike was originally a goddess of athletic Olympic style contests and she, along with her Roman counterpart is shown holding a wreath and a palm branch. The wreath would be placed on the head of the victories general, emperor or athletic contest winner and the palm branch was a symbol of victory. The Romans depicted their vanquished enemies as either bound captives or seated in a mourning position, sad over the great defeat they suffered by the Romans. The weapons, including the armor of the vanquished was used to build a trophy or a tropaion, consisting of the shields, swords, helmets spears and other military objects to be displayed in honor of a victory. The fronts of defeated ships were displayed in the Roman forum as Rostra and used also a speaker's platform along with being a great show of power to foreign dignitaries visiting Rome. There were also occasions that great architectural works that would be commissioned. A large Sestertius Roman coin of Nero is shown which has the arch. Arches are still standing in Rome to this day, one being by the Colosseum, known as the Arch of Titus which celebrated the victory over Judaea, the looting of the Great temple and the victory procession from there. The loot being used to build the Flavian Amphitheatre, known to this day as the Colosseum.
See the coins depicted in this guide for yourself and so much more!
The goal of this guide is to familiarize those new to the collecting of ancient coins to the wonderful types of coins available, all of which featured here and more being available in my eBay store. See all the different types accessible in my store by clicking the link, which does a search for the term in all capital letters in my store. The types to be seen are:
Ancient Coins of the Military
Enjoy the collection below of the various types of ancient Greek and Roman coins presented in this article.
GORDIAN III 240AD Authent Authentic Genuine Silver Roman Coin VIRTUS i21683
VELIA in LUCANIA 300BC Philistion group Silver Greek Coin Athena Lion i53521
Greek city of Velia in Lucania Silver Stater 21mm (6.89 grams) Struck circa 300-280 B.C. Philistion group. Reference: Williams 506 (O254/R355); HN Italy 1312; SNG ANS 1387; Weber 938 Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a dolphin, Φ on neck guard. Lion standing right; above, Φ-I flanking ornate trident head right; YEΛHTΩN in exergue.
DOMITIAN 92AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin Athena MINERVA Cult i21934
NERO on HORSE with SOLDIER 67AD Rome Sestertius LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i53830
PROBUS on horse spearing barbarian 278AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i53272
Probus - Roman Emperor: 276-282 A.D. - Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (3.25 grams) Serdica mint 278-282 A.D. Reference: RIC 877g(var.), C 912 IMPCMAVRPROBVSPAVG - Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield. VIRTVSPROBIAVG Exe: KAΓ - Probus riding horse right, spearing barbarian; shield under horse.
MAXIMINUS II DAIA 312AD Rome Rare Aquila Standards Ancient Roman Coin i52865
CONSTANTINE I the GREAT 335AD Ancient Roman Coin Glory of Army Legions i27304
Constantine I 'The Great'- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Bronze AE3 16mm (2.59 grams) Antioch mint: 335-337 A.D. CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG - Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. GLORIAEXERCITVS Exe: SMANΓ - Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.Numismatic Note* The reverse legend dedicates this coin to " the glory of the Army."
Theodosius I the Great with labarum 379AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i52710
CONSTANTIUS II son of Constantine the Great w labarum Ancient Roman Coin i51167
Constantius II - Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Son of Constantine I the Great Bronze AE2 20mm (3.98 grams) Cyzicus mint 348-351 A.D. Reference: RIC 70 (Cyzicus), LRBC 2474 DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe. FELTEMPREPARATIO Exe: */SMKΔ - Constantius II standing left, holding labarum topped with the Chi-Rho and resting hand on shield; two captives to left. Star in left field.
CONSTANTIUS II 324AD Arelate Mint OPEN DOOR CAMP GATE Rare Roman Coin i51101
Constantius II - Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Bronze AE3 20mm (2.67 grams) Arelate mint: 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 297 FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. VIRTVS CAESS Exe: QA(crescent)RL, Camp gate with open doors and four turrets; star above.* Numismatic Note: Rare type with the open doors.
CONSTANTIUS II Constantine the Great son Ancient Roman Coin Battle Horse i46699
Constantius II - Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - BATTLE SCENE COIN Bronze AE2 23mm (4.98 grams) Struck in the mint of Aquileia circa 337-361 A.D. Reference: RIC VIII Aquileia 95. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, falling forwards on the ground on his hands and knees. Star in right field. Mintmark AQT. (The dot at far right is not part of the mintmark).
PROBUS 276AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin Sol Sun God on horse quadriga i44286
Roman Republic 104BC Roma Victory Chariot Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i49087
SELEUKOS I Nikator Tetradrachm Athena ELEPHANT Silver Greek Coin Seleukid i46301
Greek Coin of Seleucid Kingdom Seleukos I, Nikator - King: 312-280 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.27 grams) Struck circa 312-280 B.C. Reference: Sear 6831 var.; HGC 9, 18 Laureate head of Zeus right. Athena, brandishing spear and holding shield, standing in chariot drawn right by four horned elephants; on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; in exergue, ΣEΛΕYKOY.
JULIUS CAESAR Elephant Serpent 49BC Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin i47254
Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator Silver Denarius 19mm (3.66 grams) Struck 49-48 B.C. Reference: RSC 49j B.9; B.M.C., Gaul, 27; Syd. 1006; Craw. 443/1 Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent, CAESAR in exergue. Sacrificial implements: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.The obverse type may symbolize victory over evil, whereas the reverse refers to Caesar's office of Pontifex Maximus.
GORDIAN III 238AD Deultum Thrace GALLEY SHIP Ancient Roman Coin BEAUTY i52771
MARK ANTONY Cleopatra Lover 32BCActium Ancient Silver Roman Coin LEG XIX i53492
RHOEMETALKES 136AD Bosporus King Shield Sword Axe Horse Helmet Greek Coin i53539
Kingdom of Bosporus Rhoemetalkes - King, circa 131-154 A.D. Bronze '48 Units' 22mm (5.48 grams) Struck circa 136 A.D. Reference: Anohin 495; Sear GIC 5467; MacDonald 456 ΒΑCΙΛЄѠC POIMHTAΛKOY, His diademed and draped bust right; trident before. Circular shield between battle axe (on left) and sword in scabbard; spear in background; above, horse's head and helmet; beneath, denomination mark M H.
Alexander III the Great as Hercules 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Bow Club i44200
Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 19mm (6.18 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6739 var. Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Hercules' weapons, bow in bow-case and club, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in between.
DEMETRIUS I Poliorcetes 294BC Ancient Greek Coin HELMET SHIELD i27042
AMISOS in PONTUS MITHRADATES VI the GREAT Gorgon Aegis Nike Greek Coin i30066
Greek city of Amisos in Pontus Bronze 21mm (7.67 grams) Struck under Mithradates VI the Great circa 105-90 B.C. or circa 90-85 B.C. Reference: HGC 7, 242; Sear 3642; SNG Black Sea 1177-1191; B.M.C. 13. 20,74 Aegis, with Gorgon's head at center. Nike advancing right, carrying palm-branch; ΑΜΙ - ΣΟΥ across field; monograms to left and to right.
AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i53144
TRAJAN victory over DACIA 103AD Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome i53511
Trajan - Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. - VICTORY OVER DACIA Silver Denarius 17mm (3.36 grams) Rome mint: 103-111 A.D. Reference: RIC 219 IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head right. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Dacia seated right in mournful attitude on shield; below, curved sword.Trajan celebrates his victory over Dacia on this coin.
CONSTANTINE I the GREAT RARE Ancient Roman Coin Victory Over SARMATIANS i39763
Constantine I 'The Great' - Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Victory Over SARMATIANS Bronze 19mm (3.24 grams) Sirmium mint 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 48 (VII, Sirmium) CONSTANTINVSAVG - Laureate head right. SARMATIADEVICTA Exe: SIRM - Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding Trophy and palm.
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 194AD Emesa Trophy Quality Ancient Silver Roman Coin i12586
NERO Arch Chariot & Mars 65AD Lugdunum Ancient Roman Coin Architecture i36665
Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 36mm (25.42 grams) Lugdunum mint: 65 A.D. Reference: RIC 393; Cohen 306; BMCRE 330; BN 69; WCN 414; F.S. Kleiner, The Arch of Nero in Rome. A study of the Roman honorary arch before and under Nero, Archaeologica 52 (Rome, 1985), 51aNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust. S C across field, Triumphal arch, hung with wreath across front and left side; above, Nero in facing quadriga escorted on right by Victory holding wreath and palm and on left by Pax holding caduceus and cornucopiae; just below the quadriga on extreme left and right, two small figures of soldiers; on left side of arch in niche, figure of Mars standing facing, holding spear and round shield; ornamental reliefs on the faces and plinths of the arch.
Visit Original Article Here: Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols An interesting video about ancient coin collecting. An ancient coin expert created this for educational purposes.
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Original Post Here: Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem – Guide VIDEO Tour of the Types An interesting article about ancient coins. An expert numismatist published this to educate people.
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The guide to the ancient silver Roman coin described in the bible brought before Christ
The Most Likely Candidates for the Silver Coin Described in the Bible under Mark 12:14-17
Quoting the Bible: "Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why temp ye me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And He saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto Him, Caesar's. And Jesus, answering, said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's (Mark 12:14-17)" Who the Caesars Were Julius Caesar, the famous military commander and dictator of Rome was the originator of the name Caesar that the Roman emperors adopted. Augustus being an adopted heir of Julius Caesar, also took on his name. This was an important political tactic giving him the power of Julius Caesar as an adopted son. An adopted son would therefore carry the popularity that Caesar had. Augustus was Roman emperor from 27 B.C. - 14 A.D., officially. Upon his death, the next emperor was Tiberius. He, too, as later emperors assumed the title of Caesar in his name, especially written on coins. So therefore, Caesar was a name that many emperors assumed and put on their coins. Types of Silver Coins bearing the name "Caesar" in Circulation during the Life of Jesus Christ When the 1611 edition of the King James Bible was written, the term for Roman denarius whose Greek equivalent was the drachm was translated to the Anglo-Saxon penny as known to the British, which was their standard silver coin denomination at the time. So we know three rulers who would have had a denarius silver coin with the name "Caesar" written on them. And they would be.
Examples of the Ancient Silver Roman coins that could be described as the biblical Tribute Penny
Below are the three possibilities that fit the biblical account of the Tribute Penny, including the two most likely-ones, those of Augustus and Tiberius.
Notice the term "Caesar" on it's obverse and incidentally the first time a living ruler's portrait was placed on a coin. Coin's description: Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius Rome, 44 B.C. CAESAR IMP, laureate head of Julius Caesar right; behind, lituus and simpulum behind. M METTIVS, Venus standing facing, head left, holding Victory and scepter, resting elbow on shield set on globe behind her; in left field.
Here is the second example cited in the article that I conclude could be the type described. Coin's Description : Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 19mm Rome mint: 2 B.C. - 2 A.D. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F. PATER PATRIAE, his laurel head right. C . L . CAESARES AVGVSTI F . COS . DESIG . PRINC . IVVENT., Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, shields and spears between them; above, between the spears, simpulum and lituus turned inwards.
This is the coin that is most widely attributed to the coin described in the Bible by the scholars of biblical coins of the nineteenth century. Coin's Description Tiberius - Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm Lugdunum mint: 14-37 A.D. THE BIBLICAL TRIBUTE PENNY Reference: BN II, 42, 28; RIC 95, 30. C 16 TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right. PONTIF MAXIM - Livia seated right, holding spear and branch; ornamented chair legs.
Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.
Originally Published Here: TRIBUTE Penny Jesus Christ RENDER UNTO CAESAR Biblical Roman Coins Guide An interesting blog post about ancient coins. An expert numismatist posted this to teach.
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Coins of the Goddess of Love and her Winged "Angel" of Love
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUoDrEfHTQs Venus is the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. Cupid is the Roman version of the Greek Eros. Both of these colorful characters played significant roles in history. It was the judgement of Paris, naming Aphrodite the "fairest of them all" whom granted him the love of Helen; whose love launched the Trojan war depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey. Other colorful characters of history such as Julius Caesar had Venus as the patron deity and claimed decent from the goddess herself. Both Venus and Cupid have been depicted on ancient coins of the ancient Greeks and Romans stretching from the B.C. times to even the mid-to-late Roman empire. She was the mother of the Roman people through the link to her son Aeneas who fled Troy. Her functioned included those of beauty, sex, love, fertility and desire. Cupid, Greek Eros, translating from Latin word "Cupido" which means "desire" is the god of erotic love, affection, desire and attraction in Roman mythology. He is often depicted together with his mother the goddess Venus. See an amazing collection of ancient coins depicting her and search for coins that depict both her and Cupid. Coins Available for Sale:
Authentic Ancient Greek & Roman Coins Featuring Venus Aphrodite Cupid Eros
Being the patron goddess of Julius Caesar, Venus is depicted on many of his coins. However, she is depicted on many other ancient Greek and Roman coins of the ancient times. Many times, her son Cupid is included in her depiction. Venus is also sometimes featured holding the Golden Apple which Paris granted the goddess in the story of the Judgement of Paris. A story that echoes in eternity and associated with the Trojan war. On Roman coins she at times has various functions she does, such as VENUS VICTRIX, or Venus of Victory. The most likely attractive type of Venus to collect is the one that shows her from behind with her half-draped buttocks showing. Enjoy the selection of ancient coins I put together for your pleasure.
Roman Republic JULIUS CAESAR Family VENUS CUPID Mark Antony Silver Coin i46293
Roman Republic L. Julius L. f. Caesar moneyer Silver Denarius 16mm (3.87 grams) Rome mint, circa 103 B.C. Reference: Julia 4; B.M.C. 1405, esc.; Syd. 593; Craw. 320/1 Head of Mars left, CAESAR behind, letter and dots above. Venus Genetrix in biga left, drawn by two Cupids, before them lyre, letter and dots above, L . IVLI . L . F in exergue. Family member of Caesar the dictator. Grandfather of Mark Antony. The Julia gens claimed it's decent from Venus herself.
Roman Republic Julius Caesar Family Venus Silver Ancient Coin CONSIDIA 7 i45466
Roman Republic C. Considius Paetus moneyer Silver Denarius 20mm (3.60 grams) Rome mint, circa 46 B.C. Reference: Considia 7; B.M.C. 4090; Syd. 993; Craw. 465/4 PAETI behind head of Venus left, diademed and laureate. Victory in quadriga left, holding wreath and palm, C . CONSIDI in exergue.
PLAUTILLA Caracalla Wife 202AD VENUS CUPID Ancient Silver Roman Coin i46570
Plautilla - Roman Empress - Wife of Caracalla - Silver Denarius 20mm (3.52 grams) Rome mint: 202-205 A.D. Reference: RIC 369 (Caracalla), S 7074, BMC 429 - PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA - Draped bust right. VENVS VICTRIX - Venus standing left, leaning on shield, holding apple and cradling palm; Cupid to lower left.
Venus in Chariot with Cupid 106BC Ancient Silver Roman Republic Coin i41974
Roman Republic L. Memmius Galeria moneyer Silver Denarius 20mm (3.80 grams) Rome mint, circa 106 B.C. Reference: Memmia 2; B.M.C. 1329-46; Syd. 574; Craw. 313/1b Laureate head of Saturn left, letter or letter and dot below chin, harpa and ROMA behind. Venus in biga right, Cupid flies above, L . MEMMI / GAL in exergue.Venus was the tutelary divinity of the Memmia gens.
JULIA DOMNA Silver Ancient Authentic Roman Coin VENUS Fertility Cult i26637
Julia Domna - Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A.D. - Silver Denarius 19mm (2.97 grams) Rome mint 196-211 A.D. Reference: RIC 580 (Septimius Severus), C 198 IVLIAAVGVSTA - Draped bust right. VENVSFELIX - Venus standing left, holding apple and pulling dress.
Roman Republic 46BC Silver Coin Julius Caesar Family Gemini Venus Cult i28585
Roman Republic - Mn. Cordius Rufus moneyer, which may refer to the Julius Caesar family Silver Denarius (21mm, 3.65 gm.) Rome mint: 46 B.C. Reference: Cordia 1; S-440.Cr463/1. Syd 976. RSC-(Cordia)-1. Conjoined heads of the Dioscuri right, each wearing pileus surmounted by star, RVFVS III VIR behind and below. MN . CORDIVS behind Venus Verticordia standing left, holding scales & scepter, Cupid on her shoulder.
Galeria Valeria 310AD Ancient Roman Coin VENUS Sexual love Cult i44272
Galeria Valeria - Roman Empress - Wife of Galerius - Daughter of Diocletian - Bronze Follis 25mm (5.44 grams) Heraclea mint: 310 A.D. Reference: RIC 50 (Heraclea) GALVALERIAAVG - Diademed, draped bust right. VENERIVICTRICI Exe: */HTΔ - Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt.
CARACALLA Silver Antoninianus Ancient Roman Coin 'Venus the Victorious' i46769
Caracalla - Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. - Silver Antoninianus 24mm (4.66 grams) Struck circa 198-217A.D. Reference: RIC 311d ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. VENVSVICTRIX - Venus standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield.
Roman Republic C. Norbanus 83BC Rare Ancient Silver Coin VENUS Commerce i28514
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Portrait Ancient Silver Roman Coin Venus Rare i46313
Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Struck February-March 44 B.C. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer Reference: RSC 40; B. 48; B.M.C. 4175; Syd. 1074a; Craw. 480/14 CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, his laureate and veiled head right. P . SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter, star set on ground to right.Probably the most famous portrait issue of Julius Caesar. This series illustrates the dictator's break with the Roman custom forbidding the depiction of living individuals on the coinage, which may have contributed to the mounting fears (perhaps justifiable in retrospect) that he wished to do away with republican institutions and establish a new personal monarchy in Rome. These fears, combined with jealousy of his success and power, led to Caesar's assassination on the Ides of March, 44 B.C. At the same time that the portrait subtly elevates Caesar's status to that of a king, it also reveals his human frailty: the laurel wreath that Caesar wears was awarded to him by the Senate, but he reportedly wore it in public at all times in order to hide a bald spot.
JULIA DOMNA Septimius Severus Wife Silver Roman Coin Venus Love Cult i24607
Julia Domna - Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm (2.63 grams) Emesa mint: 193-196 A.D. IVLIA DOMNA AVGV - Draped bust right. VENERI VICTR - Nude Venus with half-covered buttocks standing right, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding apple and palm.* Numismatic Note: Rare, type from the Emesan mint.
JULIA SOAEMIAS 220AD Elagabalus Mother Silver Roman Coin Venus Cult i21501
Julia Soaemias - Roman Empress Mother of Elagabalus, Roman Emperor 218-222 A.D. - Silver Denarius 18mm (3.04 grams) Rome mint: 220-222 A.D. Reference: RIC 241 (Elagabalus), S 7719 IVLIA SOAEMIAS AVG - Draped bust right. VENVSCAELESTIS - Venus standing left, holding apple and scepter; star in right field.
JULIA MAMAEA Sestertius Big RARE Ancient Roman Coin Venus Cupid Erotic i46443
Julia Mamaea - Roman Empress wife of Emperor Severus Alexander 222-235 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 30mm (24.42 grams) Struck circa 222-235 A.D. Reference: RIC 694 (Severus Alexander), BMC 190 (Severus Alexander), C 62 IVLIAMAMAEAAVGVSTA - Diademed, draped bust right. VENERIFELICI - Venus standing right, holding scepter and Cupid; S C across fields.
APHRODISIAS in CARIA 3rdCenAD Boule Eros Cupid with Torch Greek Coin i44355
CARTEIA Spain after 44BC Ancient Greek Coin of Romans Cupid Dolphin i37417
The city of Carteia (Roman colony founded in 171 B.C.) in Spain Bronze Quadrans 18mm (4.36 grams) Struck after 44 B.C. Reference: ACIP 2609; RPC I 116 Turreted head of Fortuna right; behind, trident. Cupid riding dolphin right.
Antiochos VII Euergetes 138BC Ancient Seleucid Greek Coin Eros Cupid Isis i36811
The Seleucid Kingdom Antiochos VII, Euergetes (Sidetes) - Seleucid King: 138-129 B.C. Bronze 18mm (5.60 grams) Struck 138-129 B.C. Reference: Sear 7098 Winged bust of Eros ( Cupid) right wreathed with myrtle. Head-dress of Isis; on right, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY; on left, EYEPΓETOY; MH monogram in left field, beneath, crescent and Seleucid date ΔOP (=174=138 B.C.)
Roman Republic Maxsumus RARE Silver Coin Cupid Eros Jupiter Cult Temple i34394
Roman Republic Cn. Egnatius Cn. f. Cn. n. Maxsumus moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.35 grams) Rome mint: 75 B.C. Reference: Egnatia 3; B.M.C. 3276-84; Syd. 788; Craw. 391/2 Bust of Cupid right, bow and quiver on shoulder, MAXSVMVS behind. Jupiter and Liberty within distyle temple, C . EGNATIVS CN . F . in exergue, CN . N . on right, number on left.
ANTIOCHUS IX Cyzicenus SELEUCID KING 112BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin i23746 EROS
GREEK - Seleucid Kingdom: Antiochus IX Cyzicenus - King: 113-96 B.C. - Bronze 20mm (4.94 grams) Struck 112-111 B.C. Reference: Sear 7173; SNG Israel 2743; BMC 4.94,27 Winged bust of Eros right. Nike advancing left, holding wreath; on right ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ; on left, ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤOΡΟΣ; in field to left, Seleucid date.
Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.
Article Source Here: Goddess of LOVE Aphrodite also Known as VENUS with EROS & CUPID on Ancient Greek Roman Coins Fascinating blog post pertaining to numismatic coins. An expert numismatist created this to educate people.
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List of the cities in Thessaly which issued coins in ancient times and a collection of coins from the area
List of The Cities of Ancient Thessaly Atrax Demetrias Dion Ekkarra Eureoioi Eurymenai Gomphi Gonnos Gyrton Halos Herakleia Trachinia Homolion Hypata Iolkos Kierion Krannon Lamia Larissa Larissa Kremaste Meliboia Melitaia Methylion Metropolis Mopsion Olosson Orthos Pagasai Pelinna Peuma Phakion Phalanna Phaloria Pharkadon Pharos Pharsalos Pherai Pherai, Teisiphon Tyrant of Pherai, Alexander Tyrant of Pierasia Proerna Rhizous Skotoussa The Ainians The Magnetans The Malians The Oitaians The Perrhaibans The Thessalian League Thebai Phthiotides Trikka Tripolis
Examples of Authentic Ancient Greek Coins of ThessalySee the coins illustrated in the video here. It is great to see what these coins look like and get to appreciate the art and history of them.
LARISSA in THESSALY 356BC Silver Drachm Nymph Horse Ancient Greek Coin i47970
Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly Silver Drachm 20mm (5.75 grams) Struck circa 356-320 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 453; BCD Thessaly II, lot 280 Pedigree: Ex BCD Collection with his original hand-written tag and photos of this coin Head of nymph Larissa facing three-quarters left, wearing ampyx. ΛAPI/ΣΑIΩN, Horse grazing right.This city was named after a local water nymph named Larissa. The story goes that the nymph drowned while playing ball on the banks of the Peneios River. In Greek mythology, the Greek hero Perseus accidentally killed his grandfather, King Akrisios of Argos when participating in the funeral games held in the city for nymph Larissa. The people of that city made their wealth from the rich agricultural area around the city and from breeding horses.
LARISSA in THESSALY 420BC Silver Drachm HERO vs BULL Ancient Greek Coin i47972
Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly Silver Drachm 20mm (5.72 grams) Struck circa 420-400 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 420; BCD Thessaly II, lot 173-175 and 370.1; ANG Ashmolean 3860 Pedigree: Ex BCD Collection with his original hand-written tag and photos of this coin Hero (Thessalos or Jason) wrestling a bull. ΛAPI/ΣΑIΩN, Horse grazing right.This type references taurokathapsia (bull-wrestling) with the depiction of a hero wrestling the bull, which was a sport played at the Taureia games honoring Poseiodn Taureios. Jason was the father of Thessalos in a mythological tradition whom in turn was the ancestor of the entire Thessalian people.
Larissa in Thessaly 460BCObol Horse Lion Hydira Ancient Silver Greek Coin i46757
Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly Silver Obol 12mm (0.72 grams) Struck circa 460-400 B.C. Reference: BCD Thessaly II 358.1 Horse prancing right; above, head of lion right. Larissa standing right, balancing hydria on raised knee; to left, lion's head fountain right, from which water pours forth; Λ Α RI around from upper left; all within incuse square.
LARISSA in THESSALY 462BC Obol Bull Horse Ancient Silver Greek Coins i46360
Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly Silver Obol 11mm (0.94 grams) Struck circa 462-460 B.C. Reference: BCD Thessaly II 147; Liampi, Corpus 15i (V7/R9) Head and neck of bull left, turning to face viewer. ΛΑ (retrograde) downward to right, head and neck of bridled horse right; all within incuse square.
Larissa in Thessaly 350BC RARE Authentic Ancient Greek Coin Nymph Horse i42111
Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly Bronze 18mm (7.42 grams) Struck 350-325 B.C. Reference: Sear 2132 var., B.M.C. 7. 86. Head of nymph Larissa three-quarter face to left, wearing necklace; hair confined by fillet and floating loosely, with ampyx in front. ΛΑΡΙΣΑIΩN. - Thessalian horseman right, holding spear, horse prancing; beneath, Σ.
LARISSA Thessaly THESSALIAN LEAGUE 196BC Athena Apollo Greek Coin i43487
Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly under Thesssalian League Bronze 19mm (6.61 grams) Struck 196-27 B.C. Hippolochos, magistrate. Reference: Rogers 21; SNG Copenhagen 315 Laureate head of Apollo right. ΘEΣΣA/ΛΩN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm; above spear; IΠΠ-OΛO; A to left; to right, P above I.
PHARSALOS in THESSALY 400BC Athena Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i49251
Greek city of Pharsalos in Thessaly Bronze 15mm (3.40 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 654; Sear 2196; Rogers 485-487; BCD Thessaly II, 653, 666.2 Head of Athena left in close-fitting crested Attic helmet ornamented with figure of Skylla. ΦΑΡΣ, Helmeted cavalryman charging right on horseback, brandishing flail upon which bird perches.One of the more important towns of Thessaly, Pharsalos was built on the northern slopes of Mt. Narthakios. It was the scene of Caesar's famous victory over Pompey in 48 B.C.
PHARSALOS in THESSALY 400BC Athena Horseman Footman Ancient Greek Coin i49255
Greek city of Pharsalos in Thessaly Bronze 21mm (9.17 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 646; Sear 2193 var.; Rogers 503-504; BCD Thessaly II, 671.3-4 Head of Athena three-quarter face to left, wearing triple-crested Corinthian helmet. ΦΑΡΣ, Helmeted cavalryman charging right on horseback, brandishing flail; bird perches on helmet; footman advancing right, behind, carrying flail over shoulder.
PHARSALOS in THESSALY 400BC Athena Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i49216
Greek city of Pharsalos in Thessaly Bronze 12mm (1.58 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 655; Sear 2197; Weber 2912; BCD Thessaly I, lot 1286; BCD Thessaly II, lots 649 and 654 Head of Athena in Attic helmet right adorned with Skylla. ΦΑΡΣ, Head of horse right.
SKOTUSSA Thessaly400BC Hercules Horse Rare Ancient Silver Greek Coin i22382
Greek city of Skotussa in Thessaly Silver Trihemiobol 12mm (1.00 grams) Struck 400-367 B.C. Reference: Sear 2219 var. Bearded head of Hercules right, wearing lion's skin. Forepart of horse right, left leg raised; Σ-KO in lower field.
Details about SKOTUSSA in THESSALY 300BC Ares Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i49475
Greek city of Skotussa in Thessaly Bronze 20mm (5.32 grams) Struck 300-200 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 615; Sear 2223 Head of Ares right, in close-fitting helmet ornamented with plume. ΣKOTOYΣ / ΣAIΩN above and below horse prancing right.
Details about KRANNON in THESSALY 400BC Horseman Hydria Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i49156
Greek city of Krannon in Thessaly Bronze 15mm (4.87 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C. Reference: Sear 2073 var.; HGC 4, 385 Horseman galloping right. Hydria, mounted on wheels.The city was near the source of the river Onchestos. People of Krannon held Poseidon in high regard. The city derived it's name from the various springs in the area (called kranna in Aiolic Greek). The city had an abundance of sheep and horses grazing in the plains which brought it great wealth. In times of drought, they had a hydria on wheels which they paraded through the city accompanied by prayers to Apollo, which it was famous for. There was also a temple of Athena and Asclepius in the city.
Details about Perrhaiboi in Thessaly 450BC Athena Horse Ancient Greek Silver Coin i46721
Greek city of Perrhaiboi in Thessaly Silver Obol 13mm (0.78 grams) Struck circa 450-400 B.C. Reference: BCD Thessaly II 551.1 Horse prancing right. Π–E–P–A, Athena Itonia, holding spear, aegis over arm, advancing right within incuse square.
Details about Larissa Kremaste in Thessaly 300BC ACHILLES Troy Hero Ancient Greek Coin i49349
Greek city of Larissa Kremaste in Thessaly Bronze Trichalkon 19mm (5.34 grams) Struck circa 300-200 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 13; BCD Thessaly II, 403 Head of Achilles left. ΛΑΡΙ, Thetis riding hippocamp left, charring shield.Situated in the south of Thessaly, Larissa Kremaste was built on a height, hence its name. It was taken by Demetrios Poliorketes in 302 B.C., during his invasion of Thessaly. The myth goes that Achilles, the tragic hero of the Trojan war was born in the city and ruled a port of it's dominions. Larissa Kremaste was also the city that Perseus visited on his exile from Argos. Thetis was the mother of Achilles, who is shown on coins from the city to be delivering weapons to him that were forged by the smith god, Hephaistos.
Details about MOPSION Thessaly 350BC MOPSUS v CENTAUR RARE Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i46547
Greek city of Mopsion in Thessaly Bronze Trichalkon 22mm (8.53 grams) Struck circa 2nd half of the 4th century B.C. Reference: Sear 2154 Head of Zeus three-quarter face to right; thunderbolt in field to right. ΜΟΨEIΩΝ, The Lapith Mopsons, naked, standing facing, wielding club about to strike Centaur rearing left, holding boulder over head with both hands.
Details about Greek city of Perrhaiboi in Thessaly Authentic Ancient Coin 2ndCenBC Zeus i42044
Greek city of Perrhaiboi in Thessaly Bronze Trichalkon 22mm (6.35 grams) Struck Late 2nd to early 1st century B.C. Reference: Rogers 440; SNG Copenhagen 197; BCD Thessaly II 561; SNG Alpha bank 194ff Laureate and bearded head of Zeus right. ΠEPPAIBΩN, Hera, diademed and draped, seated right on backless throne, holding long scepter with her right and resting her left on her knee.
Details about GYRTON in THESSALY 400BC Zeus Cult Horse Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i37414
Greek city of Gyrton in Thessaly Bronze 20mm (6.86 grams) Struck 400-344 B.C. Reference: Sear 2089; B.M.C. 7.5 Laureate head of Zeus left. ΓΥΡΤΩΝΙΟΝ, Horse trotting left; ΠM monogram below.
Details about PHALANNA in THESSALY 350BC Ares Nymph Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i49209
Greek city of Phalanna in Thessaly Bronze 17mm (4.06 grams) Struck circa 350-325 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 175; Sear 2180; BCD Thessaly I, lot 1255; BCD Thessaly II, lots 578-580 and 591 3-8 Head of Ares right. ΦΑΛΑΝΝΑΙΩΝ, Head of nymph Phalanna right, hair in sakkos.
Details about PHAKION in THESSALY 350BC Persephone Horseman RARE Ancient Greek Coin i49477
Greek city of Phakion in Thessaly Bronze 19mm (5.73 grams) Struck circa 300-200 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 542 (R1); Sear 2176; Papevangelou 1996, nos. 1-42; BCD Thessaly I, lot 1249; BCD Thessaly II, lot 566; B.M.C. 7.1,2 Head of Persephone right, wreathed with grain. ΦΑΚΙΑΣΤΩΝ, Horseman trotting right, right hand raised.
HALOS in THESSALY 302BC Zeus Phrixus on GOLDEN Ram RARE Greek Coin i49230
Greek city of Halos in Thessaly Bronze 14mm (1.40 grams) Struck circa 302-265 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 8 (R1); BCD Thessaly II, lot 86.2 Laureate head of Zeus right. AΛΕΩN, Phrixos riding ram right.Where Halos was originally located is unknown, however it is known that to have been located in the northern Achaia Phthiotis and overlooked Crocus Field. The myth of the city starts at the Halean temple of Zeus Lpahystios where the twins Helle and Phrixos were to be sacrificed, when a golden-fleeced flying ram was sent to rescue them by their mother, the nymph Nephele. King Athamas of Boiotia, was the father of Helle and Phrixos and was believed to have been the founder of the city. At the end of the Third Sacred War, in 346 B.C. the city was destroyed by the Macedonian general Parmenion. In 302 B.C. the city was re-founded, but this time closer to the sea coast by either Kassander or his rival Demetrios Poliorketes, rivals for the Macedonian throne. By around 265 B.C. the city was abandoned ostensibly due to a bad earthquake.
Greek city of Pelinna in Thessaly Bronze 15mm (2.86 grams) Struck circa 400-344 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 284; Sear 2166 var. (horseman right) Helmeted cavalryman charging left on horseback, spearing fallen hoplite. ΠEΛΛINAEI, Thessalian peltast advancing lef, brandishing javelin and holding shield and javelin.
Greek city of Demetrias in Thessaly Federal Coinage of The Magnetes Bronze 20mm (6.20 grams) Struck 196-146 B.C. Reference: Sear 2138; B.M.C. 7.11 Laureate head of Zeus left. ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ, Centaur standing right, right hand held before him, holding branch in left; plough to left, HΔ monogram below.
Details about LAMIA in THESSALY 325BC Athena Philoktetes Trojan War Archer Greek Coin i49224
Greek city of Lamia in Thessaly Issuing in the name of the Malians (also known as the Malienses) Bronze Chalkous 15mm (1.50 grams) Struck circa 325-300 B.C. Reference: Sear 2142; Georgiou, Mint 16; Rogers (Malia) 384; BCD Thessaly II 125; HGC 4, 106 Helmeted head of Athena right. MAΛIEΩ, Philoktetes right, shooting arrow at bird falling to right; quiver to lower right.
Details about PEUMA in THESSALY 302BC Achilles Trojan War Troy Hero Ancient Greek Coin i49485
Greek city of Peuma in Thessaly Bronze Chalkous 12mm (1.88 grams) Struck circa 302-286 B.C. Reference: Rogers 442; BCD Thessaly II 565 Wreathed head of Achilles right. ΠEYMATIΩN around AX monogram; Phrygian helmet to right.
Details about Pherai in Thessaly TYRANT Teisiphon 358BC Bull Horse Ancient Greek Coin i49345
Greek city of Pherai in Thessaly Teisiphon - Tyrant of Pherai: 358-354 B.C. Bronze Chalkous 15mm (2.22 grams) Reference: HGC 4; 585; Sear 2214; Rogers 530; BCD Thesssaly I, lot 1316; BCD Thessaly II, lots 709-710 Forepart of bull right, head facing. ΤΕΙΣΙΦΟΝΟΥ, forepart of horse prancing right.Teisiphon was the brother of Thebe who was the wife of the previous tyrant, Alexander. Thebe opened the door to Alexander's bedchamber. Teisiphons two brothers held Alexander down while Teisiphon finished him off with his sword. Through bribery, Teisiphon was able to get the support of Alexander's mercenaries, which they used to destroy the political opposition to his reign. Then he became the tyrant of the city, although he may have been a puppet of his sister Thebe. Teisiphon was succeeded by two further tyrants, whom were eventually overthrown by Philip II, king of Macedon.Situated west of Mt. Pelion, Pherai was the second city of Thessaly, after Larissa. In the 4th Century B.C. its tyrants extended their power over most of the region.
Details about AUGUSTUS 27BC Thessaly Koinon ATHENA Authentic Ancient Roman Coin RARE i47217
Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Bronze Diassarion 22mm (10.46 grams) of Thessaly, Koinon of Thessaly Megalokles, strategos, and Arist–, tamias(?) Reference: Burrer Em. 2, Series 2, 69 (A17/R58); BCD Thessaly I 1398; RPC I 1428 ΣEBAΣ-TOΣ ΘEΣΣAΛΩN, laureate head right ΣTPATHΓOY M-EΓAΛOKΛEOYΣ APIΣT, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in right hand, shield on her left arm; monogram to right.
Details about CLAUDIUS 41AD Koinon of Thessaly Thessalian League Athena Roman Coin i42048 Rare
Claudius - Roman Emperor: 41-54 A.D. - Bronze Diassarion 24mm (7.57 grams) of THESSALY, Koinon of Thessaly Antigonos, strategos Reference: RPC 1435-1436; Burrer Em. 1, Series 3, Grp. 1a, 43 corr. (A15/R34; rev. legend) ΘΕΣΣΑΛΩΝ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΗΩΝ, Bare head of Augustus right. ΑΝΤΙΓΟΝΟΥ ΣΤΡΑΤΗΓΟΥ, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear held in her right hand, shield on her left arm; monogram in left field.
Details about GALLIENUS 253AD Koinon of Thessaly Athena Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i49342
Gallienus - Roman Emperor: 253-268 A.D. - Bronze Tetrassarion 25mm (10.33 grams) of Koinon of Thessaly in Thessaly Reference: Sear GIC 4530 var.; Burrer, MA–G 53; BCD Thessaly II 991.2-991.3 AVT. ΓΑΛΛΗNΟC ΑVΓ, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right. KOINON ΘЄΣΣΑΛΩΝ, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear with right hand, shield on left arm; Δ (mark of value) to left.
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Visit Original Article Here: Thessaly Central Greece ANCIENT GREEK COIN Collecting Guide Fascinating video about numismatic coins. An ancient coin expert published this to teach.
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This article was created in order to share some of the most amazing Rare and high quality ancient Greek and Roman coins that are NGC certified and are available to buy from a an expert, enthusiast, author and dealer, Ilya Zlobin in his store: http://stores.ebay.com/Authentic-Ancient-Greek-Roman-Coins. You may also want to sign up to get such articles and videos by going to https://list.trustedcoins.com. You may also want to download this article below to have a virtual catalog of the coins described. I trust you will enjoy the beauty and rarity of these coins as much as I did working with them. See you soon my friends.
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The Amazing Ancient Coins Shown in the Video with Many Available for Sale on eBay:
Greek city of Mende in Macedonia Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.71 grams, 3h) Struck circa 460-423 B.C. Reference: S. P. Noe, "The Mende (Kaliandra) Hoard", NNM 27, 1926, 36. SNG ANS 329 (same dies).; HGC 3, 545 var. Pedigree / Provenance: From the Northern California Collection. Acquired from Frank Kovacs, 1997. Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4625082-002 Dionysus, bearded and nude save for mantle draped around loins, a tiny swastika on his drapery between his knees, reclining left on the back of an ass walking right, holding high-handled kantharos in right hand, bird (a crow?) standing right on ivy tendril before ass. MEN-ΔA-I-ON around square border of central linear square enclosing vine with four grape clusters, all within shallow incuse square.
Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 28mm (17.22 grams) Late lifetime or posthumous issue of Pella mint, struck circa 325-315 B.C. Reference: Price 235 Certification: NGC Ancients AU★ Strike: 5/5 Surface: 5/5 Fine Style 4625579-002 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; O below throne.
Greek city of Tyre in Phoenicia Authentic "Jewish / Christian Biblical Coin" of Historical Importance Silver 'Shekel' Tetradrachm 27mm (13.99 grams) Tyre mint, dated year 20, struck 107/106 B.C. Reference: Sear 5918 var.; HGC 10, 357; DCA Tyre supplement 2.20, 58; BMC Phoenicia 91 Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 4253889-011 Laureate head of beardless Melqarth right, lion's skin knotted around neck. TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, Eagle standing left on beak of ship, carrying palm under right wing; in field to right, HPA monogram; in field to left, club and LK (date) above it; Phoenician bet between legs. th
Julius Caesar, as Dictator: 49-44 B.C. Roman General, Politician, Hero & Dictator Silver Denarius 18mm (3.67 grams) Sepullius Macer, moneyer Rome mint, struck February - March 44 B.C. Reference: Crawford 480/13. RSC 39. CRI 107d. Pedigree / Provenance: ex Jamestown Collection Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 2/5 4625526-003 CAESAR-DICT • PERPETVO, veiled and laureate head of Julius Caesar right. P • SEPVLLIVS downward on right, MACER downward on left, Venus standing left, Victory in right hand, scepter in left; shield at feet behind.
Otho - Roman Emperor: 69 A.D. Silver Denarius 18mm (3.22 grams) Rome mint: January - April 69 A.D. Reference: RIC 8; Cohen 17; BMC 18; CBN 10 Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4625576-001 IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare, bewigged head of Otho right. SECVRITAS P R, Securitas, draped, standing facing, head left, wreath upward in right hand, scepter in left.
Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (17.13 grams) Mint in Macedonia, struck circa 336-323 BC.Reference: Price 93; Troxell E8 Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4280855-002 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left on backless throne holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; bucranium in field to left.
Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Lifetime or early posthumous issue Silver Tetradrachm 24mm (17.17 grams) Dama skos mint, struck circa 330-320 B.C.Reference: Price 320 Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 2/5 4280855-001 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left on backless throne holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; forepart of ram in field to left; globule above throne's strut, ΔA below.
Greek Coin of Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. LIFETIME ISSUE Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.03 grams) Myriandrus in Cilicia mint, struck circa 327-323 B.C.Reference: Price 3233 Certification: NGC Ancients Choice AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625602-001 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left on backless throne holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; plow in field to left.
Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Lifetime or early posthumous issue Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.81 grams) Byblus mint, struck circa 325-320 B.C.Reference: Price 3426 Certification: NGC Ancients MS (Mint State) Strike: 5/5 Surface: 2/5 4251866-008 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left on backless throne holding eagle on outstretched right hand and scepter in his left; AP monogram in field to left.
Greek city of Erythrai in Ionia Silver Drachm 14mm (4.52 grams) Struck circa 480-450 B.C. Reference: BMFA 1837. Very rare Certification: NGC Ancients VF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625528-014 Horseman (Erytrhros) holding reins of prancing horse left. Rosette with abbreviation of city name in each corner.
Greek city of Kos on island off Caria Silver Tetradrachm 24mm (14.73 grams) Struck circa 285-258 B.C. Nikagoras, magistrate. Reference: Cf. HGC 6, 1308 (bowcase in lower reverse field). Requier 19. Rare! Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF Strike: 3/5 Surface: 4/5 4625715-008 Head of Hercules right, wearing lion skin headdress. Crab, viewed from above; below NIKAΓOPAΣ and club right, all within beaded square.
Seleukid Kindom Antiochos II Theos - King: 261-246 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (17.11 grams) Seleucia on the Tigris mint Reference: HGC 9, 236g; SC 587.1a; ESM 178 Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4625721-019 Diademed head of Antiochus I right. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY either side of Apollo seated left on omphalos, examining arrow and resting hand on grounded bow, monograms in outer left and right fields.
Seleukid Empire Antiochos III, Megas - King: 222-187 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 28mm (17.06 grams) Struck after 202 B.C. at a Seleukid Empire mint Reference: SC 1112. SNG Spaer 773. ESM 608. Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 3998013-180 Diademed head of Antiochos right. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow set on ground; ΔI in exergue.
Roman Republic Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix as Imperator Silver Denarius 18mm (3.99 grams) Struck at traveling military mint moving with Sulla in Greece. 84-83 B.C. Reference: Cornelia 30; Sydenham 761; Crawford 359/2 Pedigree / Provenance: Ex Archer M. Huntington Collection (ANS-Hispanic Society of America #1001.1.12813). Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 1884766-011 L • SVLLA, diademed head of Venus right; Cupid standing left before, long palm-branch in right hand. IMPER-ITERVM, and lituus between two trophies.
Roman Republic Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix as Dictator: 82-80 B.C. Silver Denarius 17mm (3.86 grams) Anonymous issue of uncertain mint, struck circa 82/81 B.C. Reference: Cornelia 33; Sydenham 755; Crawford 375/2 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 4625524-011 Diademed head of Venus right. Double cornucopia filled with fruit and flowers, bound with fillet; Q below.
Roman Republic Faustus Cornelius Sulla moneyer Son of Dictator Sulla and partisan of Pompey the Great Silver Denarius 20mm (3.77 grams) Rome mint, struck circa 56 B.C. Reference: Cornelia 63; B.M.C. 3909; Sydenham 884; Crawford 426/3 Rare! Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 3997861-004 Laureate and diademed head of Venus right, scepter on shoulder, S .C. behind. Three military trophies between capis and lituus; in exergue, FAVSTVS (Faustus Cornelius Sulla) monogram.
Roman Republic Q. Sicinius & C. Coponius moneyer Silver Denarius 18mm (3.83 grams) Military mint in the East moving with Pompey the Great, struck circa 49 B.C. Reference: Sicinia 1; Crawford 444/1a; Sydenham 939; B.M.C., East 24 Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 3997861-007 Diademed head of Apollo right, star below, Q. SICINIVS before, III. VIR behind. C. COPONIVS. PR. S. C., club of Hercules surmounted by lion's skin with scalp to right, bow on right, arrow on left.
Julius Caesar, as Dictator: 49-44 B.C. Roman General, Politician, Hero & Dictator Silver Denarius 17mm (3.99 grams) Military mint traveling with Caesar in northern Italy, struck circa 49-48 B.C. Reference: RSC 49; Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006 Pedigree / Provenance: Acquired from P&P Santamaria in the 1950s. Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625702-001 Elephant advancing right, trampling horned serpent; CAESAR in exergue. Simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), securis (axe surmounted by dog or wolf's head), and apex (flamen's cap).
Julius Caesar, as Dictator: 49-44 B.C. Roman General, Politician, Hero & Dictator Silver Denarius 18mm (3.92 grams) Military mint traveling with Caesar in northern Italy, struck circa 49-48 B.C. Reference: RSC 49; Crawford 443/1; CRI 9; Sydenham 1006 Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625632-002 Elephant advancing right, trampling horned serpent; CAESAR in exergue. Simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), securis (axe surmounted by dog or wolf's head), and apex (flamen's cap).
The obverse type may symbolize Caesar's victory over evil, whereas the reverse refers to Caesar's office of Pontifex Maximus.
Julius Caesar, as Dictator: 49-44 B.C. Roman General, Politician, Hero & Dictator Silver Denarius 18mm (3.89 grams) Military mint moving with Caesar, struck late spring-early summer 48 B.C. Reference: RSC 18; Crawford 452/2; CRI 11; Sydenham 1009; DCA 937 Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625524-018 Diademed and wreath head of Venus right; LII (52, Caesar's age) behind. CAE-SAR, Gallic trophy, holding oval shield and carnyx; securis (sacrificial ax) to right.
The LII may indicate Casear's age (52) when these coins were struck. They all refer to the nine year's struggle in Gaul which culminated in the capture of Vercingetorix, the celebrated chieftain of the Arverni.
Julius Caesar, as Dictator: 49-44 B.C. Roman General, Politician, Hero & Dictator Silver Denarius 16mm (3.72 grams) Military mint moving with Caesar in North Africa, struck circa 48-46 B.C. Reference: RSC 12; Crawford 458/1; B.M.C. East, 31; Sydenham 1013; B. 10 Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 05/5 Surface: 3/5 4625524-012 Diademed head of Venus right. CAESAR, Aeneas walking left, carrying his father, Anchises and palladium.
Venus was the patron-goddess of Julius Caesar, and also the goddess whom his family traces it's decent from, and therefore she is pictured on his coins. In 46 B.C., Caesar dedicated a temple to Venus Genetrix in the Forum Julium.
The Julia gens traced it's mythical descent also from Iulus, the son of Aenaeas. The story goes that Aeneas fled the burning ancient city of Troy, carrying his father on his back and the important statue called the palladium from that city. The Roman people, according to their mythology traced their decent from ancient Troy itself. Anchises, being the mortal lover of Aphrodite (=Venus), having a son, Aeneas together, connects the mythical founders of Rome to their descent from the goddess Venus herself.
Roman Republic Gnaeus Pompey Jr. as Imperator (48-45 B.C.), son of Pompey the Great Silver Denarius 19mm (4.00 grams) Mint of Corduba in Spain, struck Summer 46-Spring 45 B.C. Marcus Poblicius, legatus pro praetore. Reference: RSC (Pompey the Great) 1; Crawford 469/1; Sydenham 1035; CRI 48; B.M.C. Spain, 72Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 4625718-007 M•POBLICI•LEG•PRO•PR, Head of Roma right, wearing Italic helmet, bead and reel border. CN•MAGNVS•IMP, Hispania standing right, shield on her back, holding two spears over shoulder and presenting palm frond to Pompeian soldier standing left on prow, armed with sword.
This piece was struck by Gnaeus Pompey, son of Pompey the Great, who went to Spain after his father's death to revive the spirit of the party.
Octavian (Augustus) as Triumvir (43-32 B.C.) Silver Denarius 17mm (3.95 grams) Military mint moving with Octavian in Gaul or northern Italy, struck circa 43 B.C. Reference: RSC 227; Crawford 518/2.; Sydenham 1317; B.M.C., Gaul 79; B. 79Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625715-012 C•CAESAR•III•VIR•R•P•C, Bare head of Octavian right. Equestrian statue of Octavian to left, POPVL•ISSV below.
This was likely one of the statues erected at Rome on his return from the war with Brutus and Cassius in 43 B.C. Very rare issue.
Gaius Caesar (heir to Augustus who died 4 A.D.) Struck by Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 18mm (3.58 grams) Struck at uncertain eastern mint circa 17 B.C. Reference: RSC (Caius Caesar) 2; B.M.C. 4469; RIC 372 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4625666-007 CAESAR•, bare youthful head of Gaius Caesar right within laurel wreath. AVGVST•, candelabrum in wreath, patera to right.
Son of Agrippa and Julia, born in B.C. 20, was adopted by Augustus and given the name of Caesar. He was wounded during a battle in Armenia in A.D. 3 and died the following year. The candelabrum was possibly made on the occasion of the adoption.
Agrippina Senior Bronze Sestertius 35mm (29.52 grams) Rome mint, struck circa 42-43 A.D. under emperor Claudius Reference: RIC (Claudius) 102; Cohen 3 AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS, draped bust right. TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P around large S • C.
Philip II - Caesar: 244-247 & Roman Emperor: 247-249 A.D. Bronze Sestertius 29mm (17.41 grams) Rome mint, struck 249 A.D. Reference: RIC 267a (Philip I); C 18; Banti 1 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4280862-014 IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. LIBERALITAS AVG G III / SC, Philip I and Philip II seated left, each raising a hand and holding a scepter.
Magnia Urbica - Roman Empress: 283-285 A.D. Wife of Carinus Bronze Antoninianus 21mm (3.46 grams) Rome mint, struck Spring 285 A.D., 6th emission of Carinus Reference: RIC (Carinus) 343; Pink VI/2, p. 40 Pedigree / Provenance:: Ex CNG 49 (17 March 1999), lot 1737. Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4280862-015 MAGN VRBICA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, set on crescent. VENVS VICTRIX, Venus Victrix standing left, holding helmet and sceptre, shield set on ground to left; KA(crescent)S in exergue.
Not much is know about Magnia Urbica other than her being the wife of Carinus.
Magnus Maximus - Roman Emperor: 383-388 A.D. Silver Siliqua 17mm (1.92 grams) Trier mint, struck circa 384-388 A.D. Reference: RIC IX 84b1. RSC 20†a Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 5/5 4243793-010 D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Maximus right. VIRTVS ROMANORVM / TRPS, Roma seated facing on throne, head left, holding globe and spear.
Honorius - Roman Emperor: 393-423 A.D. Gold Solidus 20mm (4.34 grams) Ravenna mint, struck circa 402-406 A.D. Reference: RIC 1287. Depeyrot 7/1 Certification: NGC Ancients AU Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4280692-003 D N HONORIVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right. VICTORIA AVG G G, Honorius standing right, with foot on captive to right, holding labarum in right hand and crowning Victory on globe in left hand; R-V across fields; mintmark COMOB in exergue.
Posted originally Here: Dictators SULLA JULIUS CAESAR ALEXANDER the GREAT and More RARE NGC Ancient Greek and Roman Coins Cool blog post pertaining to ancient coins. World-renowned numismatic expert published this for educational purposes.
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A guide to the coins showing it's progression from being a persecuted religion to one of the world's biggest faiths
The different types of coins explored.You will see the various different types of ancient biblical, Roman and Byzantine medieval coins as the story of early Christianity progresses from ancient times. After each section, if there is an article that goes into more depth regarding the subject, a link is given for you to explore. Clicking on the coin pictures will take you to a page searching my eBay store for the subject of interest. The goal of this guide is to introduce more people to the fascinating topic of ancient coin collecting, and at the same time allowing to research the types that are available.
coins from ancient Jerusalem. Click here to read the Guide to Ancient Coins of Jerusalem
Pontius Pilate - (chiefly known for crucifixion of Jesus) ruled 26-36 A.D. Procurator of Judaea under Emperor Tiberius, Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. Bronze Prutah 14mm (1.79 grams) Jerusalaem 30-31 A.D. Reference: Hendin 1342. Lituus, surrounded by TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC. Date LIZ (= year 18 = 31 C.E.) within wreath. * Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient biblical coin, issued by the Roman procurator whom had Jesus Christ crucified.
Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 34mm (24.93 grams) Rome mint: 67 A.D. Reference: RIC-170 NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head of Nero wearing aegis facing right. Nero and soldier papanthesis on horseback right; DECVRSIO in exergue; S C across fields.
Julia Mamaea - Roman Empress wife of Emperor Severus Alexander 222-235 A.D. - Bronze 21mm (4.60 grams) of Nicaea in Bithynia circa 222-235 A.D. Reference: BMC 105v; SNG Cop 521v (legend. breaks), SGI 3421 IOVLIA MAMAIA AVΓ, draped bust right. N-IK-AI-E-WN, between and beneath three legionary standards.
Constantine I 'The Great' - Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Rare Heaven Gazing type Bronze AE3 18mm (2.95 grams) Heraclea mint: 325-326 A.D. Reference: RIC 72 (VII, Heraclea) CONSTANTINVS AVG - Diademed head right, looking up at the heavens. DNCONSTANTINIMAXAVG Exe: .SMHB - Wreath, VOT/XXX within.
Decentius - Roman Caesar: 351-353 A.D. Bronze Double-Centenionalis or AE1 26mm (7.64 grams) Trier mint 352 A.D. Reference: RIC 319 D N DECENTI VS FORT CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES, chi-rho flanked by the Alphan (A) and Omenga (W); TRP in exergue. The Chi-Rho is the monogram of Jesus Christ. The A and W on the left represent the Alpha and Omega which Christ was described as in the book of Revelations.
Valens - Roman Emperor: 364-378 A.D. - Bronze AE3 17mm (3.00 grams) Struck at the mint of Siscia circa 364-367 A.D. Reference: RIC 5b.2 (Siscia), LRBC 1276 DN VALENS PF AVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. GLORIA ROMANORVM Exe: */S/DBSIS - Valens advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum tipped with the Chi-Rho (MONOGRAM of CHRIST XP Superimposed).
Aelia Flacilla - Wife of Roman Emperor Theodosius I and mother of Emperors Honorius and Arcadius. Bronze AE2 24mm (5.72 grams) Constantinople mint: 379-388 A.D. Reference: RIC 17 (Heraclea) AEL FLACCILLA AVG - Diademed, draped bust bust right. SALVS REIPVBLICAE Exe: t/SMHA - Victory seated right on cuirass, holding shield on column with Chi-Rho inside.
Helena 'known as Saint Helena'- Mother of Constantine the Great - Bronze Follis 19mm (3.39 grams) Thessalonica mint: 318-319 A.D. Reference: RIC VII 50; Kent-Hirmer pl. 162, 637; LRBC 821 Pedigree: Ex Gorny & Mosch HELENA N F, draped bust right. Eight-pointed star in laurel wreath.
Theodosius II - Roman Emperor: 408-450 A.D. - Bronze AE4 13mm (1.11 grams) Cyzicus mint: 425-435 A.D. Reference: RIC 451 (X, Theodosius II) DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. No legend Exe: SMK - Wreath, cross within.
Byzantine Empire Anonymous Class G Bronze Follis 26mm (7.49 grams) Struck during the reign of Romanus IV, Diogenes - Byzantine Emperor: 1 January 1068 A.D. - 19 August 1071 A.D. Reference: Sear 1867 Bust of Christ facing , wearing a nimbus crown, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, scroll; to left, IC; to right, XC; border of large pellets. Facing bust of the Virgin orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; to left, MP; to right, ΘV; border of large pellets. For more than a century, the production of Follis denomination Byzantine coins had religious Christian motifs which included included Jesus Christ, and even Virgin Mary. These coins were designed to honor Christ and recognize the subservient role of the Byzantine emperor, with many of the reverse inscriptions translating to "Jesus Christ King of Kings" and "May Jesus Christ Conquer". The Follis denomination coins were the largest bronze denomination coins issued by the Byzantine empire, and their large size, along with the Christian motif make them a popular coin type for collectors. This series ran from the period of Byzantine emperors John I (969-976 A.D.) to Alexius I (1081-1118 A.D.). The accepted classification was originally devised by Miss Margaret Thompson with her study of these types of coins. World famous numismatic author, David R. Sear adopted this classification system for his book entitled, Byzantine Coins and Their Values. The references about this coin site Mr. Sear's book by the number that they appear in that work. The class types of coins included Class A1, Class A2, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F,Class G, Class H, Class I, Class J, Class K. Read more and see examples of these coins by reading the JESUS CHRIST Anonymous Class A-N Byzantine Follis Coins Reference. Click here to see all the Jesus Christ Anonymous Follis coins for sale. Click here to see all coins bearing Jesus Christ or related available for sale.
Learn more about these types of coins by visiting the: JESUS CHRIST Anonymous Class A-N Byzantine Follis Coins Reference.
Byzantine Empire Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus - Emperor: June 6, 913 - November 9, 959 A.D. - Gold Solidus 20mm (4.37 grams) Constantinople mint, 950-955 A.D. Reference: DOC 15. Sear 1751 +IhS XPS RЄX RЄςNANTIЧM, Facing bust of Christ Pantocrator, wearing tunic, himation and a cross nimbus with three pellets in the arms, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in his left. CONSTANT' CЄ ROMAh' AЧςς bR', Crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, bearded and wearing loros on the left, and Romanus II, beardless and wearing chlamys on the right; both holding, between them with their right hands, a long patriarchal cross.
Byzantine Empire Michael VII, Ducas - Emperor: October 24, 1071 A.D. - March 24, 1078 A.D. - Gold Scyphate Histamenon Nomisma 28mm (4.48 grams) Constantinople mint, circa 491-518 A.D. Reference: Sear 1868 Provenance: NY Sale 2016, 958 Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus crown, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; to left, IC; to right, XC; double border. + MIXAHΛ RACIΛ O Δ, Bust facing, bearded, wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and globe cross; double border.
Byzantine Empire - Empire of Nicaea John III Ducas-Vatatzes - Emperor of Empire of Nicaea: 15 December 1222 – 3 November 1254 A.D. Gold Hyperpyron 29mm (4.27 grams) Magnesia mint, struck 1232-1254 A.D. Reference: Sear 2073 Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne, IC - XC in fields above. John standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, being crowned by the Virgin Mary standing slightly left.
See Full Article Here: Ancient Coins of CHRISTIANITY from Biblical Jerusalem to Roman to Byzantine Times Informative video pertaining to numismatic coins. An ancient coin expert published this for educational purposes.
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