A guide to the coins showing it's progression from being a persecuted religion to one of the world's biggest faiths
The different types of coins explored.You will see the various different types of ancient biblical, Roman and Byzantine medieval coins as the story of early Christianity progresses from ancient times. After each section, if there is an article that goes into more depth regarding the subject, a link is given for you to explore. Clicking on the coin pictures will take you to a page searching my eBay store for the subject of interest. The goal of this guide is to introduce more people to the fascinating topic of ancient coin collecting, and at the same time allowing to research the types that are available.
coins from ancient Jerusalem. Click here to read the Guide to Ancient Coins of Jerusalem
Pontius Pilate - (chiefly known for crucifixion of Jesus) ruled 26-36 A.D. Procurator of Judaea under Emperor Tiberius, Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. Bronze Prutah 14mm (1.79 grams) Jerusalaem 30-31 A.D. Reference: Hendin 1342. Lituus, surrounded by TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC. Date LIZ (= year 18 = 31 C.E.) within wreath. * Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient biblical coin, issued by the Roman procurator whom had Jesus Christ crucified.
Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 34mm (24.93 grams) Rome mint: 67 A.D. Reference: RIC-170 NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, Laureate head of Nero wearing aegis facing right. Nero and soldier papanthesis on horseback right; DECVRSIO in exergue; S C across fields.
Julia Mamaea - Roman Empress wife of Emperor Severus Alexander 222-235 A.D. - Bronze 21mm (4.60 grams) of Nicaea in Bithynia circa 222-235 A.D. Reference: BMC 105v; SNG Cop 521v (legend. breaks), SGI 3421 IOVLIA MAMAIA AVΓ, draped bust right. N-IK-AI-E-WN, between and beneath three legionary standards.
Constantine I 'The Great' - Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Rare Heaven Gazing type Bronze AE3 18mm (2.95 grams) Heraclea mint: 325-326 A.D. Reference: RIC 72 (VII, Heraclea) CONSTANTINVS AVG - Diademed head right, looking up at the heavens. DNCONSTANTINIMAXAVG Exe: .SMHB - Wreath, VOT/XXX within.
Decentius - Roman Caesar: 351-353 A.D. Bronze Double-Centenionalis or AE1 26mm (7.64 grams) Trier mint 352 A.D. Reference: RIC 319 D N DECENTI VS FORT CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES, chi-rho flanked by the Alphan (A) and Omenga (W); TRP in exergue. The Chi-Rho is the monogram of Jesus Christ. The A and W on the left represent the Alpha and Omega which Christ was described as in the book of Revelations.
Valens - Roman Emperor: 364-378 A.D. - Bronze AE3 17mm (3.00 grams) Struck at the mint of Siscia circa 364-367 A.D. Reference: RIC 5b.2 (Siscia), LRBC 1276 DN VALENS PF AVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. GLORIA ROMANORVM Exe: */S/DBSIS - Valens advancing right, dragging captive and holding labarum tipped with the Chi-Rho (MONOGRAM of CHRIST XP Superimposed).
Aelia Flacilla - Wife of Roman Emperor Theodosius I and mother of Emperors Honorius and Arcadius. Bronze AE2 24mm (5.72 grams) Constantinople mint: 379-388 A.D. Reference: RIC 17 (Heraclea) AEL FLACCILLA AVG - Diademed, draped bust bust right. SALVS REIPVBLICAE Exe: t/SMHA - Victory seated right on cuirass, holding shield on column with Chi-Rho inside.
Helena 'known as Saint Helena'- Mother of Constantine the Great - Bronze Follis 19mm (3.39 grams) Thessalonica mint: 318-319 A.D. Reference: RIC VII 50; Kent-Hirmer pl. 162, 637; LRBC 821 Pedigree: Ex Gorny & Mosch HELENA N F, draped bust right. Eight-pointed star in laurel wreath.
Theodosius II - Roman Emperor: 408-450 A.D. - Bronze AE4 13mm (1.11 grams) Cyzicus mint: 425-435 A.D. Reference: RIC 451 (X, Theodosius II) DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. No legend Exe: SMK - Wreath, cross within.
Byzantine Empire Anonymous Class G Bronze Follis 26mm (7.49 grams) Struck during the reign of Romanus IV, Diogenes - Byzantine Emperor: 1 January 1068 A.D. - 19 August 1071 A.D. Reference: Sear 1867 Bust of Christ facing , wearing a nimbus crown, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, scroll; to left, IC; to right, XC; border of large pellets. Facing bust of the Virgin orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium; to left, MP; to right, ΘV; border of large pellets. For more than a century, the production of Follis denomination Byzantine coins had religious Christian motifs which included included Jesus Christ, and even Virgin Mary. These coins were designed to honor Christ and recognize the subservient role of the Byzantine emperor, with many of the reverse inscriptions translating to "Jesus Christ King of Kings" and "May Jesus Christ Conquer". The Follis denomination coins were the largest bronze denomination coins issued by the Byzantine empire, and their large size, along with the Christian motif make them a popular coin type for collectors. This series ran from the period of Byzantine emperors John I (969-976 A.D.) to Alexius I (1081-1118 A.D.). The accepted classification was originally devised by Miss Margaret Thompson with her study of these types of coins. World famous numismatic author, David R. Sear adopted this classification system for his book entitled, Byzantine Coins and Their Values. The references about this coin site Mr. Sear's book by the number that they appear in that work. The class types of coins included Class A1, Class A2, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E, Class F,Class G, Class H, Class I, Class J, Class K. Read more and see examples of these coins by reading the JESUS CHRIST Anonymous Class A-N Byzantine Follis Coins Reference. Click here to see all the Jesus Christ Anonymous Follis coins for sale. Click here to see all coins bearing Jesus Christ or related available for sale.
Learn more about these types of coins by visiting the: JESUS CHRIST Anonymous Class A-N Byzantine Follis Coins Reference.
Byzantine Empire Constantine VII, Porphyrogenitus - Emperor: June 6, 913 - November 9, 959 A.D. - Gold Solidus 20mm (4.37 grams) Constantinople mint, 950-955 A.D. Reference: DOC 15. Sear 1751 +IhS XPS RЄX RЄςNANTIЧM, Facing bust of Christ Pantocrator, wearing tunic, himation and a cross nimbus with three pellets in the arms, raising right hand in benediction and holding book of Gospels in his left. CONSTANT' CЄ ROMAh' AЧςς bR', Crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, bearded and wearing loros on the left, and Romanus II, beardless and wearing chlamys on the right; both holding, between them with their right hands, a long patriarchal cross.
Byzantine Empire Michael VII, Ducas - Emperor: October 24, 1071 A.D. - March 24, 1078 A.D. - Gold Scyphate Histamenon Nomisma 28mm (4.48 grams) Constantinople mint, circa 491-518 A.D. Reference: Sear 1868 Provenance: NY Sale 2016, 958 Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus crown, pallium and colobium, and raising right hand in benediction; in left hand, book of Gospels; to left, IC; to right, XC; double border. + MIXAHΛ RACIΛ O Δ, Bust facing, bearded, wearing crown and loros, and holding labarum and globe cross; double border.
Byzantine Empire - Empire of Nicaea John III Ducas-Vatatzes - Emperor of Empire of Nicaea: 15 December 1222 – 3 November 1254 A.D. Gold Hyperpyron 29mm (4.27 grams) Magnesia mint, struck 1232-1254 A.D. Reference: Sear 2073 Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne, IC - XC in fields above. John standing facing, holding labarum and akakia, being crowned by the Virgin Mary standing slightly left.
Can be found Here: Ancient Coins of CHRISTIANITY from Biblical Jerusalem to Roman to Byzantine Times Cool video pertaining to world coins. An ancient coin expert created this for educational purposes.
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