Video and Article dealing with Authentic Coins of the Celts and Proto-Money Trading Tokens
Celtic tribes lived in a lot of areas on the fringes of the empires of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The Romans and Greeks considered the Celts barbarians. But the fact is that the ancient Celts were the ancestors of the modern German, French, Swiss, Eastern European, British and other European cultures. The Celts paint a unique picture with the style of coins they used. They also used trading tokens or what can also be described as proto-money. What the Celts also did was issue their own coins in the styles of the Greek and Roman peoples of the time for trading purposes. This article with video deals with Celtic coins from their development, a bit about their history with many examples shown in an amazing video presentation. The coins shown and many more are available for sale.
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 500BC Pre Coin TRISKELES MONEY Trading Token i48911
Eastern Europe Celtic Tribes of the Danube Region Bronze Proto-money Trading Token of "Triskeles Money" 16mm x 17mm (5.06 grams) Circa 500-300 B.C. The ancient Celts used proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards, at least for trade between each other. This is called triskeles money because of it's shape and is a name that could be assigned to it. The ancient Celts would carry this type of money on a string around their body such as in a necklace fashion. A benefit to this type of money is that it allowed for a basic unit of exchange above barter, perhaps of a type recognized as money for a certain region. This allowed for the basic the benefits of money as it is used in today's world and the ability to have a flourishing free market economy. An important part of ancient history of money as it developed and progressed. Very rare type as most Celtic proto-money is what is known as "wheel money" or "ring money" along with second most plentiful being "bell money".
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CentBC Ring Wheel Money Triskeles "Coin" i48405
Eastern Europe Celtic Danube Region Bronze "Ring or Wheel or Roulles" Proto-money Trading Token of Triskeles Shape 35mm x 11mm (3.56 grams) Circa 500-100 B.C. The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and perhaps even afterwards. This is a type I have never seen before in the Triskeles shape.
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles "Coin" i48390
Eastern Europe Celtic Danube Region Bronze "Ring" or "Wheel" or "Roulles" money 25mm x 2mm (3.54 grams) Circa 500-100 B.C. The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards.
Celtic 700BC Arrowhead Proto-Money Pre-Coin Token Istros Black Sea Area i44440
Celtic Arrowhead Proto-Money City of Istros in the Black Sea Area & Eastern Danube Region Cast Bronze 39mm x 10mm (2.36 grams) circa 700-600 B.C. Reference: SNG Black Sea 218 Arrowhead-shaped proto-money trading token. The ancient Celts from the Eastern Danube and Black Sea areas used proto-money like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area.
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 500BC Pre- Coin BELL MONEY Trading Token i48902
Eastern Europe Celtic Tribes of the Danube Region Bronze "Bell Money" 22mm x 19mm (6.60 grams) Circa 500-300 B.C. The ancient Celts used proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards, at least for trade between each other. This is called bell money because of it's shape and therefore there is no clapper inside as it was used for currency. The ancient Celts would carry this type of money on a string around their body such as in a necklace fashion. A benefit to this type of money is that they can be easily stacked and counted, and allowed for a basic unit of exchange above barter. This allowed for the basic the benefits of money as it is used in today's world and the ability to have a flourishing free market economy. An important part of ancient history of money as it developed and progressed.
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles "Coin" i44444
Eastern Europe Celtic Danube Region Bronze "Ring or Wheel or Roulles" Proto-money or Trading Token 38mm x 4mm (7.30 grams) Circa 500-100 B.C. The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and perhaps even afterwards.
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles "Coin" i44425
Eastern Europe Celtic Danube Region Bronze "Ring" or "Wheel" or "Roulles" money 23mm x 11mm (14.10 grams) Circa 500-100 B.C. The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards.
Celtic Danube Eastern Europe 6-2CenturyBC Ring Wheel Money Roulles "Coin" i48343
Eastern Europe Celtic Danube Region Bronze "Ring" or "Wheel" or "Roulles" money 23mm x 5mm (9.79 grams) Circa 500-100 B.C. The ancient Celts proto-money trading tokens like this to conduct trades before the introduction of coins to the area and possibly even afterwards.
Celtic Eastern Europe Silver TetraDrachm as Greek Philip II Macedon Coin i44055
Celtic Tribe of Eatern Europe Making coins in style of Greek king Philip II - King of Macedon: 359-336 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 25mm (13.53 grams) under unknown Celtic Tribe circa 300-200 B.C. Laureate head of Zeus right. Youth on horseback right. * Numismatic Note: The Celtic peoples would issue their own versions of the coins of their neighbors, such as the Greeks which have their own unique style to behold. Quality ancient Celtic coin. The Celts of Eastern Europe imitated ancient Greek coins of the time period, this one of Philip II. King Philip II of Macedonia was father of Alexander the Great and his coins referred to his Olympic victory. The reason they did this as they traded with the Greeks and their coins were popular and recognized for trade, so they struck their own. You can see the Cetlic style showing on this coin.
Celtic of Danube Silver Tetradrachm Greek Style Coin Similar to Thasos i44010
Celtic Tribe of the Danube Making coins in style of the Greek city of Thasos on Island in the Thracian Sea Silver Tetradrachm 32mm (16.57 grams) Struck by the Danubian Celts circa 148-50 B.C. Reference: S-215; BMC-Celtic-221; Lanz-967 Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy and with band across forehead. HPAKΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ - Hercules, naked, standing left, holding club, lion's skin over left arm; monogram in field to left. * Numismatic Note: The Celtic peoples would issue their own versions of the coins of their neighbors, such as the Greeks which have their own unique style to behold. Quality ancient Celtic coin. The Celts of the Danube imitated ancient Greek coins of the time period, this one of the city of Thasos in Thrace. The reason they did this as they traded with the Greeks and their coins were popular and recognized for trade, so they struck their own. You can see the Cetlic style showing on this coin. A rich and fertile island off the southern coast of Thrace, Thasos possessed prolific gold mines and had a controlling interest in many of the silver mines on the mainland.
CELTIC Tribe of GALLIA CISALPINA Gaul 2nd Cen BC Massalia Silver Coin i45944
Celtic Tribe of Gallia Cisalpina Silver Drachm 15mm (3.36 grams) Struck circa 2nd Century B.C. in the style of the Ancient Greek coins of Massalia Reference: De La Tour 2126 Head of Nymph right. ΜΕΣΣΑ, lion standing right. The Celts were interesting groups people who made their coins in the styles of the Greek cities and kings they were surrounded by to facilitate trade. Celtic coins have a unique artistic beauty of their own and the style is easily recognizable as they are more stylized than their Greek or Roman counterparts.
CELTIC Tribes of Gaul THE SEQUANI 2-1CenBC HORSE Ancient Greek Coin RARE i46533
Celtic Tribes of Central Gaul The Sequani Tribe Potin Unit 20mm (5.33 grams) Struck circa 2nd-1st Century B.C. Reference: Castelin - de la Tour 5393 Slg. Danicourt 124; LTS 393; BMC 330 Male head left. Horned horse left, with S-shaped tail.
Veliocasses Vercingetorix FRIENDS 80BC Ancient Wheel Money Coins Paris i46397
Veliocasses Paris Region Lead Wheel Money 22x7mm (1.62 grams) circa 80-50 B.C. Set of Three Uncut Wheel Money From an area North of Paris which was together with a group of Veliocasses bronzes. Three small, solid wheel money unclipped and still in the slightly curved shape of the mold. Very rare and perhaps "never to be seen again" type of item.
Celtic Gaul Britain Danube Ancient Roman Coin 350AD Magnentius Victories i42827
Magnentius - Roman Emperor: 350-353 A.D. - Bronze AE2 20mm (1.78 grams) Barbarous Issue Struck in Celtic Gaul, Danube or Britain Struck circa 350-353 A.D. Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; A behind bust. Two Victories standing facing each other, holding wreath with text. * Numismatic Note: Very rare issue struck by the Celts of a more scarce emperor.
Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.
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#1 Size of Market You are aware of a market of ancient coins which is much less known than what other markets people think of such as that of gold and silver. So the advantage to this is that you can get the best prices as you have less competition from other buyers. So you can build up a great collection relatively cheap. Some of the wealthiest families have had or still have collections, with famous names such as Hunt, Rockefeller, Mercedes and much more. What I find is that if some of the most successful people are involved in it, then there is something to it. #2 Historical Value The beauty and historical value of ancient coins are valued by collectors worldwide rather than just what the value of the metal contained in them. So in regards to numismatic coins, you have the advantage of the coins being valued for what they are, rather than just the value of the "scrap" or the intrinsic metal in them. #3 Relatively Unknown Not everyone knows that ancient coins exist for sale, and if they did, that would lead to a meteoric rise in prices for ancient coins. This is where I come in. As my knowledge of coins and marketing increases, my coins will have even a higher value than any other coins out there. The reason being, the professional research, full-color certificates of authenticity, some of the lowest prices on the market and so much more, adding to their resale value. #4 Variety There is such a huge variety of ancient coins to collect. From more famous names such as Julius Caesar, Alexander the Great, Constantine the Great, there is such a wonderful variety of ancient coins to collect. This makes this topic very interesting to collect because of all of the variety available. #5 Connection to Past Ancient coins preserve our connection to the past. By owning ancient coins, we can learn a lot more about ancient history and bring it to life in our own hands. It is not the metal content of the coin that is valuable, it's the historical beauty it contains as it captures the aesthetics and history of that time period in a very portable format. Makes this a great heirloom for your family. Imagine starting a collection today, that spans generations! #6 Teaching and Learning Resource Make great teaching aids for learning about ancient history Growing up and reading books about history, I now realize how wonderful it would have been to hold an ancient coin from the time period of the Greeks or the Romans. And how much more motivated I would have been to learn about it, if the actual coins were in my hands! Also when you have the ancient coin in your hand, you want to go out and read the history on it, and anything it is connected to. You can say this allows you an expanded world view as your knowledge stretches back thousands of years. #7 Great Gifts Ancient coins make great gifts! There is something thoughtful about going into a selection of thousands of ancient coins and picking out the right ones for your friends and loved ones. Imagine giving a coin with a lion to a person of the Leo astrological sign, Mars or Ares for Ares sign, a coin with a Capricorn, and so much more. Maybe a coin of Alexander the Great for a person named Alex or Alexander. Or Philip II for a person named Philip. Or Mark Antony for a person named mark. #8 Explore the World Ancient coins transport us to places where we dream to be. Ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt are all accessible now to you from the comfort of your own home. #9 It used to be a Hobby of Kings which then became the King of Hobbies The United States mint estimates that there are 140 million collectors in the United States alone. Perhaps this number figures in a lot of people that just collect pocket change. However, the point to make is that a person may start collecting something simple at one point and graduate to more scarce coins such as ancient Greek and Roman coins, should they find interest in it. However, with so many films such as Gladiator, 300, Troy, and shows like Rome made by HBO, ancient Greek and Roman history is hotter than ever. I personally believe that if more people knew about the availability of these coins, their price would jump through the roof. That is where educational articles like this add to the value of everyone collecting and/or investing in rare coins. Also with the advent of the internet, what was only for the richest people being the Hobby of Kings, it became the King of Hobbies, as people can trade their coins efficiently over the internet. #10 Large Value in Small Size Think about the advantages of having ancient coins as it allows you to pack a lot of value in a small package. People buy various things, such as art and antiques, but nothing is as compact and transportable as ancient coins. You can put them in your pocket and go! #11 Scarcity Each ancient coin as each it was struck by hand by aligning a small metal planchet between an anvil and a punch and what would happen is that the coins would have different centering. Also the dies would crack so they would need to re-engrave them, so the design could be slightly different. Also some coins were struck with the fresh dies, so the design may be sharper and more prolific rather than one that struck a significant amount of coins. So every time you see a very beautiful coin, realize that in itself is more scarce than a coin that it is a combination of great centering, engraver's ability, sharpness and preservation so there is much to appreciate. What I have seen personally when visiting auctions, coins in superb condition actually would fetch astronomical prices. Some of the coins I feel that may fit this bill is my selection of my ancient silver Roman denarius coins. You can search my store for silver roman keywords.
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Learn what different ancient silver Greek coins looked like and about the different numismatic coins for collecting purposes.my online eBay coin shop. You can also:
Just Some of the RARE Ancient Greek Coins Large Small and All Sizes in Between - Watch the video above or scroll to see picturesThe benefit of this guide is that you are leveraging my many years of experience in dealing with ancient coins to benefit you. I have worked with over 55,000 ancient coins, antiquities and even world coins. I guarantee all of my coins authentic for a lifetime and provide a beautiful, professionally-presented Certificate of Authenticity with every coin. I am appreciative of my amazing patrons who value ancient coins or see them as art in miniature and I am grateful for their positive comments about their experiences with me. Enjoy the many descriptions and pictures of the coins I show in the video. When clicking on the photos below, it will bring up all silver Greek coins, or if you click on the underlined words, you will search my store for that term to see all coins with that keyword.
KAULONIA in BRUTTIUM 530BC Very RARE Ancient Silver Greek Stater Coin i31196Greek city of Kaulonia in Bruttium Silver Stater 28mm (6.23 grams) Struck 530-480 B.C. Reference: Sear 252; B.M.C. 1.9 KAVΛ. Apollo, naked, walking right, holding laurel-branch in right hand and bearing on his left arm a small running naked figure, also carrying branch; in field to right, stag standing right, looking back. Similar to obverse, but incuse and reversed, and without legend.
Side in Pamphylia 183BC Silver Tetradrachm LARGE Ancient Greek Coin i54544Greek city of Side in Pamphylia Silver Tetradrachm 28mm (16.34 grams) Struck circa 183-175 B.C. under Kleuchares, magistrate. Reference: SNG von Aulock 4797; SNG France 696-701; SNG Copenhagen 40 Helmeted head of Athena right. Nike advancing left, holding wreath; in left field, pomegranate; ΚΛΕ - ΥΧ across fields.
Athens Greece ARCHAIC 490BC TETRADRACHM Ancient Silver Greek Coin OWL i52150Greek city of Athens in Attica Greece - Archaic Silver Tetradrachm 20mm (16.90 grams) Struck circa 490-482 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 1591 (R2); Seltman 1927, Groups E and F; Cf. Svoronos Pl. 5; cf. Asyut pl. XVIII Archaic head of Athena right wearing crested helmet decorated with chevron and dot pattern. Owl standing right, head facing, olive sprig behind, ΑΘΕ before.
Athens in Attica Greece 320BC Ancient Tetradrachm Silver Greek Coin i40763Greek city of Athens in Attica Greece - Silver Tetradrachm 21mm (17.13 grams) Struck circa 320-294 B.C. Reference: Svornos-pl.20#5 Head of Athena right, of more advanced style, the eye seen in true profile; she wears crested helmet ornamented with three olive-leaves and floral scroll. Owl standing right, head facing; to right AΘE; to left, olive-twig and crescent.
ATHENS Attica Greece 353BC Authentic Ancient Silver Greek Coin ATHENA OWL i53512Greek city of Athens in Attica Greece - Silver Hemidrachm 13mm (1.99 grams) Struck circa 353-294 B.C. Reference: Kroll 19c-h; HGC 4, 1642 Head of Athena right, with profile eye, wearing Attic helmet. Owl standing facing between olive sprays; AΘE around. Selinos in Sicily Silver Stater 22mm (8.43 grams) Struck circa 540-515 B.C. Reference: HGC 2, 1208; Arnold-Biucchi 1992, no. 3 (R1) Wild parsley leaf. Incuse square with twelve alternating raised and lowered triangular compartments.
KELENDERIS CILICIA 425BC Stater Nude Horse Rider Goat Silver Greek Coin i46254Greek city of Kelenderis in Cilicia Silver Stater 22mm (10.67 grams) Struck circa 425-400 B.C. Reference: SNG BN Paris 49 (stgl.). SNG von Aulock 5627 (stgl.). Kraay, Celenderis Hoard, NC 1962, 5, 16 (stgl.); Sear 5529 var. Naked rider, with whip in left hand, seated sideways on horse prancing left, from which he is about to dismount, KEΛ below. Goat kneeling left, looking back; ivy-spray above goat.
Kingdom of ELYMAIS Kamnaskires VI 1-2CenAD Silver Tetradrachm Greek Coin i46270Greek Coin Kingdom of Elymais Kamnaskires VI - King: late 1st-early 2nd Century A.D. Billon Silver Tetradrachm 29mm (14.66 grams) Reference: Sear GIC 5888; B.M.C. 28.250,14; De Morgan 17 (pl. II, 1) Diademed and cuirassed bust of king left, with long beard and wide fringe of hair below diadem; behind, star within crescent above anchor. Male bust left, diademed and draped, with short beard; badly blundered Greek legend in four lines forming square around.
ARADOS in PHOENICIA 350BC Stater Deity Galley Ancient Silver Greek Coin i46289Greek city of Arados in Phoenicia of King Gerostratos possibly Silver Stater 18mm (9.87 grams) Struck 350-332 B.C. Reference: Sear 5977; B.M.C. 26.11,67 Laureate head of bearded deity right. Galley right, on three lines of waves; above, Phoenician letters. Macedonian Kingdom Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Struck under Antigonos II Gonatas: Macedonian King: 277-239 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.80 grams) Pella mint, circa: 275-271 B.C. Reference: Price 621; Müller 230; SNG Copenhagen 713; Mathisen, Administrative VI.6, dies A19/P44 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; Macedonian helmet in field to left; OK monogram below throne.
SELEUKOS I Nikator Tetradrachm Athena ELEPHANT Silver Greek Coin Seleukid i46301Greek Coin of Seleucid Kingdom Seleukos I, Nikator - King: 312-280 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.27 grams) Struck circa 312-280 B.C. Reference: Sear 6831 var.; HGC 9, 18 Laureate head of Zeus right. Athena, brandishing spear and holding shield, standing in chariot drawn right by four horned elephants; on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; in exergue, ΣEΛΕYKOY.
CORINTH 375BC Athena Pegasus Silver Stater Ancient Greek Coin Triskeles i46350Greek city of Corinth in Corinthia Silver Stater 21mm (8.40 grams) Struck circa 375-300 B.C. Reference: Ravel 1065; Pegasi 383; BCD Corinth 126 Pegasus, with pointed wing, flying left; koppa beneath. Helmeted head of Athena left; behind, N and triskeles of crescents within circle.
LARISSA in THESSALY 356BC Silver Drachm Nymph Horse Ancient Greek Coin i47969Greek city of Larissa in Thessaly Silver Drachm 20mm (5.86 grams) Struck circa 356-320 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 453; BCD Thessaly II, lot 280 Pedigree: Ex BCD Collection with his original hand-written tag and photos of this coin Head of nymph Larissa facing three-quarters left, wearing ampyx. ΛAPI/ΣΑIΩN, Horse grazing right.
LYTTOS in CRETE 430BC Eagle Boar Authentic Ancinet Silver Greek Coin i49264Greek city of Lyttos in Crete Silver Drachm 20mm (5.50 grams) Struck circa 430-320 B.C.. Reference: Sear 3237; Svoronos, Numismatique 19; SNG Copenhagen -; BMC 5 Eagle flying left. ΓVΤΤSΘΝ, Head of boar right in dotted square within incuse square.
THASOS an ISLAND off THRACE Archaic 525BC Satyr Nymph Silver Greek Coin i49355Greek city of Thasos, an Island off Thrace Silver Stater 22mm (8.54 grams) Struck circa 525-463 B.C. Reference: HGC 6, 331; Le Rider 1-2 and 5; Sear 1357; Weber 2500; Price & Waggoner 100-126 Naked ithyphallic satyr in kneeling-running attitude right, carrying in his arms a struggling nymph who raises her right hand in protest. Quadripartite incuse square. Rhegion in Bruttium 415BC Lion Apollo Drachm Ancient Silver Greek Coin i44063 Greek city of Rhegion in Bruttium Silver Drachm 15mm (3.89 grams) Struck 415-387 B.C. Reference: Sear 502; B.M.C.1.38 Lion's scalp facing. PHΓINON, Laureate head of Apollo right, olive-sprig behind.
SKOTUSSA in THESSALY 440BC Horse Wheat-grain Ancient Silver Greek Coin i52158Greek city of Skotussa in Thessaly Silver Drachm 18mm (6.02 grams) Struck circa 440-420 B.C. Reference: HGC 4, 587; Sear 2217; BCD Thessaly II, lots 728-729; Weber 2927 Forepart of horse prancing left. ΣKO, Wheat-grain in its husk; all within incuse square.
EPHESOS in IONIA 340BC SILVER Tetradrachm Bee Stag Ancient Greek Coin i53493Greek city of Ephesos in Ionia Silver Tetradrachm 24mm (15.01 grams) Struck circa 340-325 B.C under magistrate Euktitos Reference: BMC 41; Pixodarus O155-2; Head Chronology, p. 34, class a, 26, Mionnet S VI, 191; Babelon Traite 1883.40 E-Φ to left and right of bee with straight wings. EYKTITOΣ, Forepart of stag recumbent right, head left, palm tree to left.
JUBA II Mauretenia CLEOPATRA SELENE Mark Antony CHILD Silver Greek Coin i53496Greek Kigdom of Mauretenia Juba II - King 25 B.C. - 23 A.D. Juba II & Cleopatra Selene Silver Denarius 17mm (3.23 grams) Reference: Sear GIC 6005; Müller III, 109,95 REX IVBA, Diademed head of Juba II right. BACIΛICCA KΛЄOΠΑΤΡΑ, large star within crescent.
ASPENDOS in PAMPHYLIA 370BC Silver Greek Coin NUDE WRESTLERS Triskeles i53498Greek city of Aspendos in Pamphylia Silver Stater 22mm (10.46 grams) Struck 370-333 B.C. Reference: Sear 5398 var.; B.M.C. 19. 98, 35-6 var. Pedigree: Ex Bowers January 1984, 3287 Two naked athletes, wrestling, grasping each other by the arms; AΦ between them. Slinger standing right, about to discharge his sling; triskeles before; ΕΣΤFEΔIΙYΣ behind; all within dotted square.
EUKRATIDES I 171BC Silver Tetradrachm RARE R1 Indo Greek Baktria Coin i53503Indo Greek & Baktria Kingdom in India Eukratides I Megas - King circa 171-145 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 33mm (16.06 grams) Struck circa 170-145 B.C. Reference: HGC 12, 130 Rare R1; Bopearachchi 1 Diademed and draped bust right. The Dioscuri (Gemini twins) on horses rearing right; monogram below.
KROTON BRUTTIUM 350BC Authentic Ancient Silver Greek Coin Eagle Tripod i45941Greek city Kroton in Bruttium Silver Stater / Nomos 22mm (7.79 grams) Struck circa 350-300 B.C. Reference: SNGANS-362; HNItaly-2172 Eagle standing left atop olive branch. Tripod altar, KPO in field to left; Δ in field to right.
APAMEIA in PHRYGIA 88BC Cistophoric Tetradrachm Ancient Silver Greek Coin i53491Greek city of Apameia in Phrygia Silver Cistophoric Tetradrachm 23mm (11.28 grams) Struck circa 88-67 B.C. Attalos and Timo-, magistrates. Reference: Sear 5113 var.; Kleiner, Late Issue XVII; SNG Copenhagen 156 Cista mystica with serpent; all within ivy-wreath. Two serpents entwined around bow and bowcase; ATTA/ΛΟY/TIMΩ in three lines above, aulos (double flute) to right; TA in field to left.
VELIA in LUCANIA 300BC Philistion group Silver Greek Coin Athena Lion i53521Greek city of Velia in Lucania Silver Stater 21mm (6.89 grams) Struck circa 300-280 B.C. Philistion group. Reference: Williams 506 (O254/R355); HN Italy 1312; SNG ANS 1387; Weber 938 Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a dolphin, Φ on neck guard. Lion standing right; above, Φ-I flanking ornate trident head right; YEΛHTΩN in exergue.
AKRAGAS in SICILY 510BC Didrachm EAGLE CRAB Silver Greek Coin RARE R1 i53571Greek city of Akragas in Sicily Silver Didrachm 21mm (8.23 grams) Struck circa 510-500 B.C. Reference: HGC 2, 87 Rare R1; Jenkins 1970, Group Ia AKRA/CANTOΣ, Eagle standing left. Crab.
Celtic Eastern Europe Silver Tetradrachm as Greek Philip II Macedon Coin i54000Celtic Tribe of Eatern Europe Making coins in style of Greek king Philip II - King of Macedon: 359-336 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 25mm (14.20 grams) under unknown Celtic Tribe circa Early 3rd century B.C. Reference: Lanz -; CCCBM I -; Pink - Laureate head of Zeus right. ΦΙΛΠΠΟΥ, Youth on horseback right, holding palm; below belly, Λ above torch; K below raised foreleg.
THASOS Island off Thrace Dionysus Hercules Silver Greek Tetradrachm Coin i54356Greek city of Thasos, an Island off Thrace Silver Tetradrachm 35mm (16.68 grams) Struck after 148 B.C. Reference: Sear 1759; B.M.C 3. 67-78; SNG Cop. 1039 Head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy and with the band across forehead. HPAKΛΕΟΥΣ ΣΩΤΗΡΟΣ ΘΑΣΙΩΝ, Hercules, naked, standing left, holding club, lion's skin over left arm; monogram in field to left.
WINGED MONSTER on RARE Himera in Sicily 465BC Ancient Silver Greek Coin i36632Greek city of Himera in Sicily Silver Litra 11mm (0.63 grams) Struck circa 465-415 B.C. Reference: Sear 816 var; B.M.C. 2.41 var. Forepart of monster right, with bearded human head, goat's horn, lion's paw and curled wing. HIMERAION, Naked youth seated on goat prancing left. Tarsus in Cilicia Datames, Persian Satrap of Cilicia and Cappadocia, 369-361 B.C. Silver Stater (23mm, 10.55gm.), Tarsos, 369-361 B.C. Reference: SNGLev 83; SNGFr 292, BMC 35; SNG Cop 300, SNGvA 5943. Certification: NGC Ancients Ch AU Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 4277593-001 BALTRZ (=Baaltars) in Aramaic to left, Baaltars seated right, torso facing, holding eagle-tipped scepter in right hand, grain ear & grape-bunch in left; thymiaterion to right; all within crenellated wall. TDNM (=Datames) in Aramaic in the center, Ana, nude, facing Datames; both have their right arms raised; between them, thymiaterion; all within pelleted square border within linear border. Kroton in Bruttium Silver Stater 20mm (7.58 grams) Struck circa 480-430 B.C. Reference: SNG ANS-266 NGC Ancients Certified Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 3762382-007 Tripod altar, heron at left. Incuse altar. Pedigree: From the Dr. Michael Phillip Collection. Ex: Stack's Sale December 7, 8 1989 Lot# 3016. Ex: Stack's Sawhill Sale March 1979 Lot#1009. Ex: Stack's Massachusetts Historical Society Sale March 1971, Lot# 77. Kyrene in Kyrenaica Silver Didrachm 18mm (7.73 grams) Struck circa 308-277 B.C. Reference: SNG Cop-1234; BMC-29.51,229 NGC Ancients Certified Ch VF Strike: 3/5 Surface: 5/5 3762382-009 Diademed head of Carneius wearing horn of Ammon facing right. Silphium plant with two pairs of leaves, cornucopiae in right field. Pedigree: From the Dr. Michael Phillip Collection; Ex: Stack's Sale December 7, 8 1989 Lot# 3212. Amphipolis in Macedonia Silver Tetradrachm 30mm (16.96 grams) Struck 158-149 B.C. Reference: Sear 1386 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 3987680-080 Macedonian shield, at center of which but of Artemis Tauropolos right; bow and quiver at her shoulder. MAKEΔONΩΝ / ΠΡΩΤΗΣ above and below club right; in field above, monogram; all within oak-wreath, to left of which, thunderbolt.
225BC Alexander the Great LYSIMACHOS Kalchedon Tetradrachm NGC Greek Coin i54512Greek city of Kalchedon in Bithynia in the name and types of Lysimachos - King of Thrace: 323-281 B.C. - Silver Tetradrachm 28mm (16.94 grams) Struck circa 225 B.C. Reference: HGC 7, 526; Marinescu Group IV, Issue 46, 104.1 (O41/R95 - this coin); Müller 254 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4246219-010 Diademed head right of the deified Alexander the Great, wearing the horn of Ammon. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΛΥΣΙΜΑXΟΥ, Athena Nikephoros seated left, left arm resting on shield, spear behind; bow and quiver to inner left; monogram in field to left; grain ear below.
ALEXANDER III the GREAT 260BC NGC Certified Silver TETRADRACHM Greek Coin i54522Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia: 336-323 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (16.74 grams) Kalchedon in Bithynia mint, circa 260-220 B.C. Reference: Price 929 var. (Kallatis; monogram below throne); SNG München -; SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG Saroglos - Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 Fine Style 4277580-002 Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ AΛEΞANΔΡOY, Zeus Aetophoros seated left, holding eagle and scepter; KA monogram in field to left; ΔX monogram below throne.
Patraos King of Paeonia 335BC NGC Certified Ch XF Silver Tetradrachm Coin i54736Greek Coin of the Kingdom of Paeonia Patraos - King, circa 340-315 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 27mm (12.49 grams) Struck circa 335-315 B.C. Reference: Sear 1520; B.M.C. 5.4; Paeonian Hoard I, 227 (these dies); SNG ANS 1030 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 4277578-004 Provenance: ex Paeonian Hoard of 1968 (IGCH 410) Laureate head of Apollo right, with short hair. ΠATPAOY, Paeonian cavalryman, wearing crested Attic helmet and full armor, on horseback galloping right and spearing fallen Macedonian solider holding a round shield, a bucranium in left field.
Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.
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Original Post Here: Ancient GREEK SILVER COINS Collecting Guide An interesting article about ancient coins. World-renowned numismatic expert created this for educational purposes.
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COINS of SAINT PAUL the Apostles Travels Spreading Christianity Through Ancient GREEK and ROMAN Territories
Guide to the coins of the cities and territories St. Paul visited from cities of Ancient Greece to Rome
The Biblical Coins & List of Cities St. Paul Traveled Spreading Christianity
It was Paul that was responsible for spreading the Christian church around the known world then. The Apostle Paul was from Tarsus in Cilicia. He was born a Jew and followed the famous Rabbi Gamaliel. Tarsus at that time had a Jewish community living there. On his way to Damascus he had a transformation. And the former persecutor of Jewish-Christians, decided to spread the new religion instead. His new name was Paul He revolutionized the Christian religion by having people not having to become Jewish first before becoming Christian. This led to the breaking of all ties between the Jewish Temple and the Christian Church. Apostle Paul may have traded in woven goods, and this may be the reasoning why he traveled around so much and did so many missionary activities. You may also want to read the biography of St. Paul on Wikipedia.The goal of this guide is to make it easy to learn about the ancient coins in circulation during the lifetime of Jesus Christ and the spread of Christianity. Many of the links included in this guide will take you to search my eBay ancient coin store This is a list of all the cities and areas he visited on his travels. Most of these cities actually issued coins. If not the city, the coins of the area, province or region may be available to view. There are people, such as bible scholars and others interested in the topic, who put together entire collections that follow St. Paul's four journeys. A coin of the area may also make a great gift for someone of the faith. The cities that issued coins are easily clickable and you can actually see the coins from there, which are available for sale. Please note that it looks that eBay auto-corrects some spellings, so for some of the terms, you may need to click the [ Return to original search ] link to actually see the coins available, this is noted for coins of Philippi and Rhegion. St. Paul's 1st Journey (Acts: 13:1-14:28)
See also related:
Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.
Read Full Article Here: COINS of SAINT PAUL the Apostle’s Travels Spreading Christianity Through Ancient GREEK and ROMAN Territories Cool blog post about numismatic coins. World-renowned numismatic expert posted this to teach.
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Learn more about the different types of ancient coins, along with some great books and information about the field of ancient Greek and Roman coin collecting. Numismatics or the study of coins is a field that has been the "hobby of kings" and later became the "king of hobbies" in which people hold amazing examples of history in their hand which they can pass on to future generations, or really enjoy and possibly even profit from as investments. As many ancient coins are amazingly rare, especially in high grades, it is possible that you can pick up many great bargains. It is important to deal with reputable coin dealer and experts, that is why Ilya Zlobin, provides a lifetime guarantee of authenticity and puts his knowledge on a beautiful custom-made certificate of authenticity. You can learn more about him at his site: http://www.trustedcoins.com.Enjoy the video and check his site for more great articles, videos and access to his eBay store: http://stores.ebay.com/Authentic-Ancient-Greek-Roman-Coins or Visit his Youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/trustedancientcoins
Learn More Here: Ancient Greek & Roman Coin Collecting Guide Video by Ancient Coin Expert on eBay Informative blog post pertaining to collecting old coins. World-renowned numismatic expert published this to teach.
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The ancients were a well-traveled people. They built ships for travel and trade and connected vast parts of the world together. They worshipped gods that were connected to the ocean, placed them on their coins and anything else that they found particularly fascinating was placed on their coins. Just as modern-man fishes, enjoys going to the beach, looking at dolphins and traveling by sea, we are a just continuing a long tradition that stretch the millennia. So here is a list of topics to explore. Enjoy!
Find It Here: Ancient Greek Roman Coins Dealing with the SEA Gods Animals & Ships Fascinating article about collecting old coins. An ancient coin expert published this to teach.
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Learn about the ancient silver, gold and bronze Roman coins connected with Brutus in this article
Marcus Junius Brutus (also known as Q. Caepio Brutus) was convinced by Decimus Brutus to join him in the assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March (March 15th, 44B.C.). All in all Julius Caesar suffered over 50 wounds before falling dead beneath the statue of Pompey the Great (ironic as that was his rival). Mark Antony was held up outside the senate house while this happened, so he could not come to his aid. After the death of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony gave a famous funeral speech in honor of Julius Caesar in which he read the deceased man's will, in which he left vast sums of money along with lands to the people of Rome. The sentiment quickly turned against the assassins, even though they were first consider heroes riding the Republic of a "tyrant" and Marcus Junius Brutus, Cassius and many others were forced to flee the city of Rome quickly. This left the city of Rome under the control of Mark Antony and Octavian, later known as Augustus, who was adopted as the son of Caesar in his will. This meant that Augustus was able to use the fame of Julius Caesar to his advantage, and stamp CAESAR on his coins, which allowed him to gain support. The forces of Mark Antony and Octavian Augustus defeated the forces of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi in ancient Macedonia, in 42 B.C.
Depicted in this article are the coins of some of the most famous assassins, one of them being Deciumus Brutus, lesser known to history, but had played an important role in convincing Marcus Junius Brutus to join his cause. Decimus Brutus received great honor serving under Caesar in his Gallic campaigns (Gaul being modern France area). He also is the one who convinced Julius Caesar not to heed the warnings of his wife, and walked him into the senate house, evading Mark Antony from joining them (who could have came to help Caesar and could have foiled the attempt). Julius Caesar was also warned by a trusted friend by the name of Lepidus the night before of the plot.
Next a coin is shown which is the famous portrait coin of Julius Caesar that was struck fore about a month which featured the portrait of Julius Caesar himself, struck February-March 44 B.C. This being a lifetime portrait issue is one of the important key coins to get in the Julius Caesar coins. His portrait was used on many coins after his death, including by Augustus and Mark Antony. This coin broke the conventions of portraying a living individual on coinage, which strong Republican sentiment was against, having taken away the power of the last king hundreds of years earlier. What is interesting to note is that Brutus winds up minting his own coin with his own portrait, which is another key coin, shown in the video, which can be taken as somewhat hypocritical.
The explanation goes on further to distinguish the coins of Marcus Junius Brutus from the time period of him being the moneyer of the mint of Rome which happened in 54 B.C. In this series, his strong republican values are demonstrated, pointing to his ancestors who were responsible for bringing Rome from the rule of kings to the Republican form of government. His later issues are ones issued by him with his traveling military mint he used his troops. These coins are also interesting, rare and desired by collectors. The most famous coin being the Ides of March denarius, which features the portrait of Brutus on the front naming him Imperator, and the reverse showing the cap of liberty with two daggers on either side, and an inscription below commemorating "IDE MAR" or the Ides of March and the assassination. This was an allusion the the "great deed" that Brutus and the assassins had done for the saving of the Republic.
However after Brutus and Cassius were defeated, Augustus wound up becoming the first Roman emperor, turning Rome from a Roman Republican form form of government to a dictatorship with the ceremonial vestiges of the Senate being present, and the true power residing in the emperor.
Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin i49085
Roman Republic Albinus Bruti f. moneyer Silver Denarius 19mm (3.26 grams) Rome mint, 48 B.C. Reference: Postumia 14; B.M.C. 3967-71; Syd. 943a; Craw. 450/3b A . POSTVMIVS COS, bare head of the consul, Aulus Postumius Albinus right. ALBINV BRVTI F in wreath. Decimus Junius Brutus was one of the assassins of Julius Caesar in the conspiracy of 44 B.C. He was adopted by A. Postumius Albinus and joined his own name with that of his adoptive father. He should not be confused with the more famous M. Junius (or Q. Caepio) Brutus. This moneyer received many marks of praise from Julius Caesar when he served under him in Gaul. This coin features the portrait of the moneyer's adopted father.
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Portrait Ancient Silver Roman Coin Venus Rare i46313
Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Struck February-March 44 B.C. P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer Reference: RSC 40; B. 48; B.M.C. 4175; Syd. 1074a; Craw. 480/14 CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, his laureate and veiled head right. P . SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter, star set on ground to right.
M. Junius Brutus Ancestors Julius Caesar Killer 54BC Silver Roman Coin i44548
Roman Republic Q. Caepio Brutus Moneyer better know as M. Junius Brutus Silver Denarius 17mm (2.33 grams) Rome mint: 54 B.C. Reference: Junia 30; B.M.C. 3864; Syd. 907; Craw. 433/2 BRVTVS behind head of L. Junius Brutus, the Ancient. AHALA behind head of Caius Servilius Ahala.
MARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin 54BC i49081
Roman Republic Q. Caepio Brutus Moneyer better known as Marcus Junius Brutus Silver Denarius 21mm (3.55 grams) Rome mint: 54 B.C. Reference: Junia 31; RRC 433/1; BMCRR Roma 3861; Sydenham 906, Catalli 2001, 618 Head of Libertas right; behind, LIBERTAS. L. Iunius Brutus walking l., between two lictors and preceded by an accensus; in exergue BRVTVS.
Marcus Junius Brutus (one of the chief assassins of Julius Caesar) Silver Denarius 17mm (3.30 grams) Struck 43-42 B.C. Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece. P. Servilius Casca Longus, moneyer. Reference: RSC 3; B. 44; B.M.C. 63; Syd. 1298; Craw. 507/2; CRI 212 CASCA behind, LONGVS before, laureate and bearded head of Neptune right; trident below. BRVTVS behind, IMP before, Victory advancing right on broken scepter, holding palm frond in left hand over left shoulder and broken diadem bound with fillet in both hands.
MARCUS JUNIUS BRUTUS Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Silver Roman Coin 42BC i49074
Roman Republic Marcus Junius Brutus Silver Denarius 18mm (3.16 grams) Late summer-autumn 42 B.C. Military mint traveling with Brutus and Cassius in western Asia Minor or northern Greece; Pedanius Costa, legate. Reference: RSC 4; B. 42; B.M.C. 59; Syd. 1296; Craw. 506/2; CRI 209; Kestner 3775-6; BMCRR East 59-61; RBW 1778 Laureate head of Apollo to right; LEG upward to left, COSTA downward to right. Trophy composed of cuirass, crested helmet, oval shield with incurved sides, and two crossed spears; IMP upward to left, BRVTVS downward to right.
Brutus 42BC Coin
Marcus Junius Brutus (one of the chief assassins of Julius Caesar) Silver Denarius 19mm (3.50 grams) Spring-early summer 42 B.C. Military mint traveling with Brutus in southwestern Asia Minor. L. Sestius, proquaestor. Reference: RSC 11; B. 37; B.M.C. 41; Syd. 1290; Craw. 502/2 L. SESTI . PRO . Q, veiled and draped bsut of Liberty right. Q . CAEPIO BRVTVS PRO COS, tripod between axe and simpulum.
Marcus Junius Brutus Gold Propaganda Coin 44BC i36605
Marcus Junius Brutus, Assassin of Julius Caesar Gold Propaganda Coin with Obverse of his silver Coin from 54 B.C. with his famous ancestor L. Brutus Struck under: Dynast of Thrace: Koson Gold Stater 18mm (8.86 Grams) Struck After 44 B.C. Reference: RPC 1701; BMC Thrace pg. 208, 2; BMCRR II pg. 474, 48. Superb EF. KOΣΩΝ, Roman consul accompanied by two lictors; BR monogram to left Eagle standing left on sceptre, holding wreath.
MARK ANTONY reconciles Ahenobarbus 40BC Silver Roman Republic Coin Galley i41969
Mark Antony Silver Denarius 18mm (3.35 grams) Summer 40 B.C. Uncertain mint, possibly Corcyra Reference: RSC 10; B. 56; as B.M.C.,East,111(aureus); B.A. Seaby Ltd,1952; Craw. 521/2 ANT . IMP . III . VIR R . P . C ., his bare head right, lituus behind. CN . DOMIT . AHENOBARBVS IMP., prow, star of sixteen rays above.
AMYNTAS Galatia King Mark Antony Brutus Cassius Commander Leo Greek Coin i45946
Kingdom of Galatia Amyntas - King: 36-25 B.C. Bronze 24mm (8.89 grams) Struck circa 36-25 B.C. Reference: Sear 5694; RPC I 3505; SNG France 2377-82 Head of bearded Hercules right, club at neck; II / Є behind. Nemean Lion (the astrological zodiac sign of Leo and the constellation) standing right; B above, monogram (of AMYNTOY) in exergue. Amyntas was a secretary of Deiotaros. He was in the military service commanding an auxiliary force in the Roman army of Brutus and Cassius. Having gained the favor of Mark Antony, because he had gone over to his side before the Battle of Philippi, Antony granted him an extensive kingdom which included Galatia, Lycaonia and parts of neighboring territories. Having deserted Antony in a timely manner to Augustus, he secured the patronage of Augustus. After having perished in battle in 25 B.C., his kingdom became a Roman province.
AUGUSTUS 27BC Pergamum Pergamon Silver Ancient Roman Coin BULL HEIFER i46357
Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 20mm (3.74 grams) Pegamum mint: 27 B.C. Reference: RIC 475; RSC 28; BMCRR East 284-5 = BMCRE 662-3; BN 941-3 CAESAR, bare head right. AVGVSTVS, bull standing to right.
AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i46748
Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Bronze 20mm (3.95 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C. Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32 VIC AVG, Victory standing left. 3 legionary Standards, 'COHOR PRAEPHIL'
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Visit Original Article Here: BRUTUS the Infamous Assassin of JULIUS CAESAR Ancient Roman Coins Collecting Guide and Collection An interesting blog post pertaining to collecting old coins. An ancient coin expert posted this for educational purposes.
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This guide explores the various types of ancient military symbolism depicted on various coins of ancient Greece and Rome
Feel the ancient military come alive on the coins of the Greeks and the Romans explored in this video. It goes from the personification of valor as Virtus to the Roman god of war, Mars the counterpart of the Greek Ares. However fighting battles takes wisdom so coins with Greek Athena and the Roman counterpart Minerva with spear and shield is depicted.The Roman emperor would go into battle to vanquish his enemies on horseback. He did have the backing of military foot soldiers, or legions behind him carrying the legionary standards and eagles in the Roman military. One symbol the labarum actually was used in the Roman military after Constantine with the name of Jesus Christ as a monogram symbol . Constantine the Great saw this symbol in the sky before a great battle at the Milvian bridge against Maxentius, which he had painted on the shields of his army and wound up winning a great victory. The Roman military camps were depicted with the symbolism of the camp gates on their coins. These camp gates were also used as a quick way of communication on the frontiers where they would use them as fire signal beacons to muster their military forces to defend their frontiers. A coin with the Roman soldiers vanquishing their foes in battle driving spears through them as they lay prostrate on the floor, even the Roman emperor not being above such a military endeavor. Some ways to get around the battle field was to use chariots, including the four horse military chariot called the quadriga or the two horse type as the biga. There is also a rarely seen type of chariot which is the triga, a more widely used Greek type of war chariot. Elephants with their huge size, magnificence and sheer strength were the ancient equivalent of the tank in ancient times. A rare large silver Greek coin of Seleukos I Nikator of the Seleukid kingdom is show here also, with a chariot drawn by elephants. This made his military a formidable force to deal with. Then a silver coin with an elephant of Julius Caesar, the most famous ancient Roman is shown. It also brings back the story of the Romans facing elephant for the first time when Hannibal Barca, the general from Carthage who crossed the Alps with these elephants. The Romans just like many others who had to face them showed a respect for these formidable foes. Even Alexander the Great had to face elephants in his campaign that went into India. Galleys were used in ancient Greek and Roman times to get around and to move military forces along with supplies to their destinations. Several coins are shown here, one with a full sail and the other one of Mark Antony from the battle of Actium, which had a great naval battle that shaped history to what it is today. This coin of Mark Antony shows what could be described as trireme military row ships which were used in this battle. The other side had the legionary eagle (aquila) between two standards and named the legion the coin was minted for by it's number. Weapons were important for any battle. A coin of the kingdom of Bosporus is shown which shown all the important militaristic symbols such as the shield, the spear, the helmet, a sword in a scabbard and even a military axe. The weapons used in the legendary tales of Hercules were the bow and the club. On a coin of Alexander the Great he is even depicted as Hercules. Hercules used the skin of the Nemean lion as a helmet and armor which was impermeable to weapons according to legend. A shield of Macedonia is shown along with the helmet they used. An important mention of the Aegis, which is the severed head of Medusa used on shields and the breast plate of armor to scare or almost turn your enemies to stone. This was used on the armor of the ancient Greeks, such as in a depiction of Alexander the Great and even the Roman emperors including Augustus. Celebrating their victories, the Romans employed the goddess Victory whose Greek counterpart was Nike. Nike was originally a goddess of athletic Olympic style contests and she, along with her Roman counterpart is shown holding a wreath and a palm branch. The wreath would be placed on the head of the victories general, emperor or athletic contest winner and the palm branch was a symbol of victory. The Romans depicted their vanquished enemies as either bound captives or seated in a mourning position, sad over the great defeat they suffered by the Romans. The weapons, including the armor of the vanquished was used to build a trophy or a tropaion, consisting of the shields, swords, helmets spears and other military objects to be displayed in honor of a victory. The fronts of defeated ships were displayed in the Roman forum as Rostra and used also a speaker's platform along with being a great show of power to foreign dignitaries visiting Rome. There were also occasions that great architectural works that would be commissioned. A large Sestertius Roman coin of Nero is shown which has the arch. Arches are still standing in Rome to this day, one being by the Colosseum, known as the Arch of Titus which celebrated the victory over Judaea, the looting of the Great temple and the victory procession from there. The loot being used to build the Flavian Amphitheatre, known to this day as the Colosseum.
See the coins depicted in this guide for yourself and so much more!
The goal of this guide is to familiarize those new to the collecting of ancient coins to the wonderful types of coins available, all of which featured here and more being available in my eBay store. See all the different types accessible in my store by clicking the link, which does a search for the term in all capital letters in my store. The types to be seen are:
Ancient Coins of the Military
Enjoy the collection below of the various types of ancient Greek and Roman coins presented in this article.
GORDIAN III 240AD Authent Authentic Genuine Silver Roman Coin VIRTUS i21683
VELIA in LUCANIA 300BC Philistion group Silver Greek Coin Athena Lion i53521
Greek city of Velia in Lucania Silver Stater 21mm (6.89 grams) Struck circa 300-280 B.C. Philistion group. Reference: Williams 506 (O254/R355); HN Italy 1312; SNG ANS 1387; Weber 938 Head of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet decorated with a dolphin, Φ on neck guard. Lion standing right; above, Φ-I flanking ornate trident head right; YEΛHTΩN in exergue.
DOMITIAN 92AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin Athena MINERVA Cult i21934
NERO on HORSE with SOLDIER 67AD Rome Sestertius LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i53830
PROBUS on horse spearing barbarian 278AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i53272
Probus - Roman Emperor: 276-282 A.D. - Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 23mm (3.25 grams) Serdica mint 278-282 A.D. Reference: RIC 877g(var.), C 912 IMPCMAVRPROBVSPAVG - Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield. VIRTVSPROBIAVG Exe: KAΓ - Probus riding horse right, spearing barbarian; shield under horse.
MAXIMINUS II DAIA 312AD Rome Rare Aquila Standards Ancient Roman Coin i52865
CONSTANTINE I the GREAT 335AD Ancient Roman Coin Glory of Army Legions i27304
Constantine I 'The Great'- Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Bronze AE3 16mm (2.59 grams) Antioch mint: 335-337 A.D. CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG - Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. GLORIAEXERCITVS Exe: SMANΓ - Two soldiers standing either side of two standards.Numismatic Note* The reverse legend dedicates this coin to " the glory of the Army."
Theodosius I the Great with labarum 379AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i52710
CONSTANTIUS II son of Constantine the Great w labarum Ancient Roman Coin i51167
Constantius II - Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Son of Constantine I the Great Bronze AE2 20mm (3.98 grams) Cyzicus mint 348-351 A.D. Reference: RIC 70 (Cyzicus), LRBC 2474 DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG - Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe. FELTEMPREPARATIO Exe: */SMKΔ - Constantius II standing left, holding labarum topped with the Chi-Rho and resting hand on shield; two captives to left. Star in left field.
CONSTANTIUS II 324AD Arelate Mint OPEN DOOR CAMP GATE Rare Roman Coin i51101
Constantius II - Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - Bronze AE3 20mm (2.67 grams) Arelate mint: 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 297 FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. VIRTVS CAESS Exe: QA(crescent)RL, Camp gate with open doors and four turrets; star above.* Numismatic Note: Rare type with the open doors.
CONSTANTIUS II Constantine the Great son Ancient Roman Coin Battle Horse i46699
Constantius II - Roman Emperor: 337-361 A.D. - BATTLE SCENE COIN Bronze AE2 23mm (4.98 grams) Struck in the mint of Aquileia circa 337-361 A.D. Reference: RIC VIII Aquileia 95. DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, knee raised, spearing fallen horseman who is wearing a Phrygian helmet, falling forwards on the ground on his hands and knees. Star in right field. Mintmark AQT. (The dot at far right is not part of the mintmark).
PROBUS 276AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin Sol Sun God on horse quadriga i44286
Roman Republic 104BC Roma Victory Chariot Authentic Ancient Silver Coin i49087
SELEUKOS I Nikator Tetradrachm Athena ELEPHANT Silver Greek Coin Seleukid i46301
Greek Coin of Seleucid Kingdom Seleukos I, Nikator - King: 312-280 B.C. Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.27 grams) Struck circa 312-280 B.C. Reference: Sear 6831 var.; HGC 9, 18 Laureate head of Zeus right. Athena, brandishing spear and holding shield, standing in chariot drawn right by four horned elephants; on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ; in exergue, ΣEΛΕYKOY.
JULIUS CAESAR Elephant Serpent 49BC Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin i47254
Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator Silver Denarius 19mm (3.66 grams) Struck 49-48 B.C. Reference: RSC 49j B.9; B.M.C., Gaul, 27; Syd. 1006; Craw. 443/1 Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent, CAESAR in exergue. Sacrificial implements: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest's hat.The obverse type may symbolize victory over evil, whereas the reverse refers to Caesar's office of Pontifex Maximus.
GORDIAN III 238AD Deultum Thrace GALLEY SHIP Ancient Roman Coin BEAUTY i52771
MARK ANTONY Cleopatra Lover 32BCActium Ancient Silver Roman Coin LEG XIX i53492
RHOEMETALKES 136AD Bosporus King Shield Sword Axe Horse Helmet Greek Coin i53539
Kingdom of Bosporus Rhoemetalkes - King, circa 131-154 A.D. Bronze '48 Units' 22mm (5.48 grams) Struck circa 136 A.D. Reference: Anohin 495; Sear GIC 5467; MacDonald 456 ΒΑCΙΛЄѠC POIMHTAΛKOY, His diademed and draped bust right; trident before. Circular shield between battle axe (on left) and sword in scabbard; spear in background; above, horse's head and helmet; beneath, denomination mark M H.
Alexander III the Great as Hercules 336BC Ancient Greek Coin Bow Club i44200
Alexander III the Great - King of Macedonia 336-323 B.C. Bronze 19mm (6.18 grams) Struck under Alexander the Great 336-323 B.C. Reference: Sear 6739 var. Head of Alexander the Great as Hercules right, wearing the lion-skin headdress. Hercules' weapons, bow in bow-case and club, ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ in between.
DEMETRIUS I Poliorcetes 294BC Ancient Greek Coin HELMET SHIELD i27042
AMISOS in PONTUS MITHRADATES VI the GREAT Gorgon Aegis Nike Greek Coin i30066
Greek city of Amisos in Pontus Bronze 21mm (7.67 grams) Struck under Mithradates VI the Great circa 105-90 B.C. or circa 90-85 B.C. Reference: HGC 7, 242; Sear 3642; SNG Black Sea 1177-1191; B.M.C. 13. 20,74 Aegis, with Gorgon's head at center. Nike advancing right, carrying palm-branch; ΑΜΙ - ΣΟΥ across field; monograms to left and to right.
AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i53144
TRAJAN victory over DACIA 103AD Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome i53511
Trajan - Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. - VICTORY OVER DACIA Silver Denarius 17mm (3.36 grams) Rome mint: 103-111 A.D. Reference: RIC 219 IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate head right. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Dacia seated right in mournful attitude on shield; below, curved sword.Trajan celebrates his victory over Dacia on this coin.
CONSTANTINE I the GREAT RARE Ancient Roman Coin Victory Over SARMATIANS i39763
Constantine I 'The Great' - Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. - Victory Over SARMATIANS Bronze 19mm (3.24 grams) Sirmium mint 324-325 A.D. Reference: RIC 48 (VII, Sirmium) CONSTANTINVSAVG - Laureate head right. SARMATIADEVICTA Exe: SIRM - Victory advancing right, stepping on captive, holding Trophy and palm.
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 194AD Emesa Trophy Quality Ancient Silver Roman Coin i12586
NERO Arch Chariot & Mars 65AD Lugdunum Ancient Roman Coin Architecture i36665
Nero - Roman Emperor: 54-68 A.D. - Bronze Sestertius 36mm (25.42 grams) Lugdunum mint: 65 A.D. Reference: RIC 393; Cohen 306; BMCRE 330; BN 69; WCN 414; F.S. Kleiner, The Arch of Nero in Rome. A study of the Roman honorary arch before and under Nero, Archaeologica 52 (Rome, 1985), 51aNERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate head left, globe at point of bust. S C across field, Triumphal arch, hung with wreath across front and left side; above, Nero in facing quadriga escorted on right by Victory holding wreath and palm and on left by Pax holding caduceus and cornucopiae; just below the quadriga on extreme left and right, two small figures of soldiers; on left side of arch in niche, figure of Mars standing facing, holding spear and round shield; ornamental reliefs on the faces and plinths of the arch.
See More Here: Ancient Greek and Roman MILITARY on COINS The Weapons, Battles & Symbols Fascinating article pertaining to numismatic coins. An expert numismatist created this for educational purposes.
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Posted originally Here: Ancient Coins of Biblical Jerusalem – Guide VIDEO Tour of the Types An interesting blog post about collecting old coins. World-renowned numismatic expert published this to teach.
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The guide to the ancient silver Roman coin described in the bible brought before Christ
The Most Likely Candidates for the Silver Coin Described in the Bible under Mark 12:14-17
Quoting the Bible: "Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why temp ye me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And He saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto Him, Caesar's. And Jesus, answering, said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's (Mark 12:14-17)" Who the Caesars Were Julius Caesar, the famous military commander and dictator of Rome was the originator of the name Caesar that the Roman emperors adopted. Augustus being an adopted heir of Julius Caesar, also took on his name. This was an important political tactic giving him the power of Julius Caesar as an adopted son. An adopted son would therefore carry the popularity that Caesar had. Augustus was Roman emperor from 27 B.C. - 14 A.D., officially. Upon his death, the next emperor was Tiberius. He, too, as later emperors assumed the title of Caesar in his name, especially written on coins. So therefore, Caesar was a name that many emperors assumed and put on their coins. Types of Silver Coins bearing the name "Caesar" in Circulation during the Life of Jesus Christ When the 1611 edition of the King James Bible was written, the term for Roman denarius whose Greek equivalent was the drachm was translated to the Anglo-Saxon penny as known to the British, which was their standard silver coin denomination at the time. So we know three rulers who would have had a denarius silver coin with the name "Caesar" written on them. And they would be.
Examples of the Ancient Silver Roman coins that could be described as the biblical Tribute Penny
Below are the three possibilities that fit the biblical account of the Tribute Penny, including the two most likely-ones, those of Augustus and Tiberius.
Notice the term "Caesar" on it's obverse and incidentally the first time a living ruler's portrait was placed on a coin. Coin's description: Julius Caesar - Roman Dictator - Silver Denarius Rome, 44 B.C. CAESAR IMP, laureate head of Julius Caesar right; behind, lituus and simpulum behind. M METTIVS, Venus standing facing, head left, holding Victory and scepter, resting elbow on shield set on globe behind her; in left field.
Here is the second example cited in the article that I conclude could be the type described. Coin's Description : Augustus - Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. Silver Denarius 19mm Rome mint: 2 B.C. - 2 A.D. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F. PATER PATRIAE, his laurel head right. C . L . CAESARES AVGVSTI F . COS . DESIG . PRINC . IVVENT., Caius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, shields and spears between them; above, between the spears, simpulum and lituus turned inwards.
This is the coin that is most widely attributed to the coin described in the Bible by the scholars of biblical coins of the nineteenth century. Coin's Description Tiberius - Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. - Silver Denarius 17mm Lugdunum mint: 14-37 A.D. THE BIBLICAL TRIBUTE PENNY Reference: BN II, 42, 28; RIC 95, 30. C 16 TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS - Laureate head right. PONTIF MAXIM - Livia seated right, holding spear and branch; ornamented chair legs.
Post Source Here: TRIBUTE Penny Jesus Christ RENDER UNTO CAESAR Biblical Roman Coins Guide Informative article pertaining to ancient coin collecting. World-renowned numismatic expert published this to teach.
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